Battle of Vicksburg

Kenzie, Kaylea, Nina, Emily, Michael

Why was this battle fought?

President Abraham Lincoln said "Vicksburg is the key, the war can never be brought to a close until that key is in our pocket.” The American war would end if they went to battle with Vicksburg.

Which side attacked first?

The first attempt to capture Vicksburg in summer 1862 is sometimes called the First Battle of Vicksburg. It consisted of prolonged bombardment by Union naval vessels and sputtered out when the ships withdrew. At the same time, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was moving overland to invest the town from the rear.

Over the coming months, Grant’s men would attempt to dig canals or find ways through the shallow, narrow bayous to bypass what is called the Confederate "Gibraltar of the West." Finally, he decided his army would have to operate south of Vicksburg, and that required the cooperation of the navy.

What was the goal of the battle?

To take over Vicksburg.

How much did this battle effect the Civil War? Which side "won" the battle?

The Battle of Vicksburg affected the Civil War because the Union got full control of the Mississippi River therefore taking over and shutting down the confederates trade, transportation, and military/fortifications.

Union Won

On July 4, 1863 General John C. Pemberton's troops surrendered. And the Union finally had full control of the Mississippi.

What were the effects for both sides after the battle?

The Battle of Vicksburg affected the Confederates military a lot because most of the forts and troops were at Vicksburg when General Pemberton surrendered. At Vicksburg there was 6,000 casualties and after they surrendered they were forced to stack their guns, giving the Union 172 artillery pieces (large guns and weapons such as cannons) and 60,000 muskets.

Most of the Confederates trade was transported on the Mississippi river. It was hard for the South to get good supplies, now it's going to be even harder.

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Major Events

From the spring of 1862 until July 1863, during the American Civil War (1861-65), Union forces waged a campaign to take the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg, Mississippi, which lay on the east bank of the Mississippi River, halfway between Memphis to the north and New Orleans to the south.The capture of Vicksburg divided the Confederacy and proved the military genius of Union General Ulysses S. Grant

Major Generals and Leaders of the Confederate and Union Sides

On July 4, 1863, Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton surrendered the Confederate bastion of Vicksburg, Mississippi, to Union forces under Major General Ulysses S. Grant.

Total Casualties

Union: 6,000

Confederate: 3,300 with nearly 30,000 captured
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