Battle of Vicksburg
Kenzie, Kaylea, Nina, Emily, Michael
Why was this battle fought?
Which side attacked first?
The first attempt to capture Vicksburg in summer 1862 is sometimes called the First Battle of Vicksburg. It consisted of prolonged bombardment by Union naval vessels and sputtered out when the ships withdrew. At the same time, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was moving overland to invest the town from the rear.
Over the coming months, Grant’s men would attempt to dig canals or find ways through the shallow, narrow bayous to bypass what is called the Confederate "Gibraltar of the West." Finally, he decided his army would have to operate south of Vicksburg, and that required the cooperation of the navy.
What was the goal of the battle?
How much did this battle effect the Civil War? Which side "won" the battle?
The Battle of Vicksburg affected the Civil War because the Union got full control of the Mississippi River therefore taking over and shutting down the confederates trade, transportation, and military/fortifications.
Union WonOn July 4, 1863 General John C. Pemberton's troops surrendered. And the Union finally had full control of the Mississippi.
What were the effects for both sides after the battle?
Most of the Confederates trade was transported on the Mississippi river. It was hard for the South to get good supplies, now it's going to be even harder.
Major Generals and Leaders of the Confederate and Union Sides