Genetically Modified Animals

By: Zachary Barilka & Gregory Solla

What is it?

Genetically modifying a animal refers to the altering of that animals genetic material by adding, removing, or changing DNA sequences in a way thats not natural. These changes are made artificially by humans to fulfill ones needs. It can be as small as something that makes the dog more attractive, or it could be something such as disease prevention or enhanced fitness. This changed genetic-makeup of the animal will improve the pets survival, thus being past on down generations after.

How is it Being Used Currently and Its Benefits Today?

Disadvantages and Risks using Genetically Engineered pets

While Genetic Modifying Animals has its benefits, it has disadvantages and risks need to be taken.

  1. A risk needed to be taken is that organs can be made from animals to become faster donors, but the tests have shown that this is not 100% reliable and can cause serious problems. These problems could be that it does not fit or does not work properly.
  2. One of the main reasons why this is not used more often is because scientists are only allowed to research a certain amount of this because religion is against it. In their eyes, this goes against all ethical and moral rules religions preach. This is also a rule when working with stem cells, where the research is very limited due to it not being "natural". So, Scientists need to be careful with what they research and if it is allowed.
  3. To perfect the genetic engineer of the DNA structure, many tests are done to see what effect each move will make. This will cause deformity within the animal and make its odds for survival very unlikely. This goes against "animal abuse" and laws against testing on animals.While humans/scientists use animals as test dummies to try and make the perfect animal, many suffer from being tested on for "practice".

How Genetically Modifying animals affects them Physically

While genetically modifying animals would be beneficial to us humans and our needs, animals would not be satisfied with it. By taking the animals out of their habitat, changing their DNA, which allows them to survive in the environment they have, and being placed back into that environment to reproduce. Obviously, this is not adaption or natural selection (tying in different lessons!), so the animal will probably die after very shortly after humans got what they wanted from the animal. Also, how can a animal function if they have human body parts? Every organism is available for modifying, but they won't be able to survive on the sam engine as us humans do. An example is a cow, it has 3 stomachs so it can digest grass and other foods it eats. If we modified cows so they had human stomachs, they would never be able to digest their food thus dying very shortly.

What's its economic affect?

If you are against or with Genetically modifying animals, you can't deny that in the long run, this would be very cost efficient. The reason for this? The prices for a genetically modified crops are less than organic because less pesticides are used to make sure the crop stays fresh. Same thing with animals. It will cost less for a animal to be disease to be prevented with modifying the animal instead of trying to help it survive with the vet. It will make our economy strive because once one is modified, it can reproduce, making more with that same trait, making a more profitable pet for society and more profitable goods from that animal.

how does it affect the environment

By cross-breeding and changing DNA of animals and pets in a way that is suitable for our needs, a new pollution that is unknown may occur from this cross-breeding. In the environment, new animals will be formed with genetic engineering, which means new viruses and new diseases ready to spread throughout the world. And because this disease was genetically made in a lab and not naturally, there is a chance that there would be no cure, because this was not made naturally, so natural substance could solve it

how does it affect the world in a social aspect

In a social aspect, genetic engineering has both positive and negative affects on our society. With genetic modifying animals, us humans will be exposed to new breeds of organisms that we haven't even seen before. This means that whatever it is that we eat, touch, or see that has been genetically modified, probably has something that is dangerous and unknown, but has the beneficial trait that was reason it was modified.

How will it affect the future?

In the Future, some think us humans will be able to live a happier, healthier life by making what our animals should do and look like. But is "playing god" really the right way to approach this. We are violating what was rightfully put on this earth so we don't need to adapt to any situation. This will affect the future by developing things that us humans are unknown for, thus causing havoc in the future world. Stepping into a field we were not wanted into will come with many consequences, some will be very beneficial to human survival, while others will be the end of it. As our studies on this topic develop more and more, we need to be careful we don't "push it too much" and cause a really big problem. But if we use the right amount and smartly adapt to it being in our society, than humans will strive knowing they can benefit from any animal with science and intelligence.

Examples of Genetically Modified Pets/ Animals

Top 10 Genetically Modified Animals