Vietnam War

The War of Death

#1 What I Know!

  • Cold War
  • Containment
  • Domino Theory
  • Draft
  • Tet offensive
  • Viet Cong

Cold War

Time of conflict between the U.S. and the USSR. Lasted from 1945-1990 which caused the Korean War, the space race, and nuclear weapon crisis.

Containment

The policy of halting the spread of communism. There was a fear that communism would spread to the U.S. and the rest of the world.

Domino Theory

Similar to containment. It was the spread of communism and would go to many countries and create a "domino affect" causing influence for other countries to switch to communism.

Draft

The United States effort to get men to fight in the war. Had a lottery system set by birthdays, and whatever birthday chosen, everyman over the age of 18 was forced to join.

Tet offensive

Tet is known as the vietnamese new year. The U.S. assumed that it would be a great time for a surprise attack. U.S. succeeds in attack and becomes a great victory.(1968)

Viet Cong

The communist troops that fought in South Vietnam against the U.S. and relied heavily on gorilla warfare.

What i Don't Know

  • DMZ
  • General William Westmoreland
  • Ho Chi Minh
  • My Lai Massacre
  • National Liberation Front
  • Ngo Dinh Diem
  • Pentagon Papers

DMZ

17th parallel of Vietnam that was demilitarized, meaning no conflict and peace zone.

General William Westmoreland

Head commander of the U.S. during the Vietnam War. (1964-1968)

Ho Chi Minh

Was the leader of North Vietnam. He was the president and the prime minister and helped to force France out of Vietnam.

My Lai Massacre

Mass murder of between 347 and 504 unarmed South Vietnam civilians committed by U.S. soldiers. Many women were raped and infants murdered.

National Liberation Front

Political organization formed to over throw the south vietnamese government and reunify north and south Vietnam, but also throw out the U.S.

Ngo Dihn Diem

First President of South Vietnam

Pentagon Papers

More specifically said that the U.S. had secretly enlarged the scale of the Vietnam War by causing air raids on local beaches and coasts.

#2 TIMELINE

  • ( 1945 ) Ho Chi Minh declares independence from France
  • ( 1947) Truman Doctrine is issued
  • ( 1948 ) U.S. Aids France
  • ( 1948 ) Truman Reelected
  • ( 1954 ) Vietnam divided
  • ( 1957 ) Guerilla Warfare is established
  • ( 1959 ) First American Death
  • ( 1960 ) kennedy elected
  • ( 1961 ) U.S. enters Vietnam
  • ( 1964 ) Maddox
  • ( 1965 ) Rolling Thunder
  • ( 1965 ) First offensive operation in Vietnam
  • ( 1966 ) Largest Battle in the War
  • ( 1968 ) Tut Offensive
  • ( 1973 ) U.S. Pulls out of Vietnam

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

(1964) President Johnson asked congress to allow the U.S. military to go into Vietnam and "repeal any armed attack against the United States and to prevent any further aggression."

This meant that the U.S. could go into Vietnam and if there was any form of a threat, they would attack it. Basically saying the U.S. could go and do whatever they wanted in Vietnam, and started the huge conflict.

Vietnam War Veterans

Roy R.

Roy R. was a combat engineer in the U.sS. Army. His job was to clear paths in the jungles of Vietnam. While working Roy was constantly in battle if not working on the roads. He suffers to this day from PTSD, but is not for gotten for his great bravery.

John

struggled with drugs and homelessness before the war. joined the army when he was 19 yrs old. He stayed in the war for a year and a day before losing an eye and being honorably discharged from the military.

Top 10 Vietnam War Songs

  1. Masters of War ( Bob Dylan )
  2. Eve of Destruction ( Barry McGuire )
  3. Universal Soldier ( Buffy Sainte-Marie )
  4. It Better End Soon ( Chicago )
  5. The Times are A Changin ( Bob Dylan )
  6. Draft Dodger Rag ( Phil Ochs )
  7. Where have all the Flowers gone ( Kingston Trio )
  8. Blowin in the Wind ( Paul and Mary )
  9. Get Together ( The Young Bloods )
  10. People Got to be free ( The Rascals )

Hugh Thompson

Hero!

This man saved innocent lives from his peers. He had true integrity, and knew what was right and what needed to be done.

William Calley

Villain!

This man is charged with the title villain due to murdering 104 innocent vietnamese civilians.