All about Type 1 diabetes

By: Chelsey Powers

All you need to know about type 1diabetes

You have recently discovered that you have type 1 diabetes. At the moment, you are probably very scared, confused, and don't know what to do. Well, let me just tell you that everything is going to be okay. I have created this article to inform you all you need to know about type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed in children and young adults. Only about 5% of people have this form of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is when your body doesn't produce insulin. When you eat, your body breaks down the food into glucose which your cells need for energy. Insulin is a hormone that the body needs to let the glucose inside the cells. So, think about it this way, the insulin is the "key" to let the glucose into the cell (door) to give you energy and when there is no "key" (insulin) the glucose can't get into the cell (door).

Who to contact for more informatiom

Lifestyle choices

when dealing with diabetes you want to have a good lifestyle. A good lifestyle would consist of and every day exercise that raises your heart rate and a good diet. A good diet will help reduce glucose levels in your blood and exercise will also help regulate glucose levels in your blood. paying extra attention to what you eat cannot only help reduce glucose levels in your blood but it also makes you a healthier person and gives you more energy. Exercise helps to keep you in shape and with a healthy diet can lead to a great, long, healthy life.

recommendations for dieting

Dieting plays a huge role in Type 1 diabetes but living with diabetes doesn't mean that you have to feel worried that you cant eat your favorite foods. You should just focus on eating healthy and understanding what you are gaining by eating that food. But remember, just because you have to be cautious of what you are eating doesn't mean that you cant have any sweets either, you just cant have them that often.

Understanding how carbohydrates work:

There are 3 types of carbohydrates...

1. starches

2. sugars

3. fibers

starches: vegetables including peas, pinto beans, potatoes, corn, ect.

you should try too consume a good portion of starches because it keeps your body healthy and gives you fiber which helps you to not overeat.

sugars: brown sugar, maple syrup, cane sugar, raw sugar, honey, ect.

you should try to avoid eating sugars as a diabetic because it gives you too much glucose and it makes it hard for your body to process all that glucose when your body doesn't produce insulin.

fiber: fruits, veggies, whole grains, nuts, ect.

you should try to eat more fiber because it helps fill us up which reduces the craving of wanting to eat more food. It is also a great way to stay healthy and as an added bonus, it reduces cholesterol levels.

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Why should you exercise

Exercising is a great way to stay healthy especially of you have diabetes. Exercise makes it easier to control your blood glucose level. Exercise benefits Type 1 diabetes because it increases insulin sensitivity, meaning after you exercise, your body doesn't need as much insulin to process carbohydrates. Before you start exercising, make sure you consult your doctor.

great ways to exercise include:

  • walking
  • jogging
  • running
  • tennis
  • swimming
  • basketball

pretty much anything that brings your heart rate up, and remember to not push yourself to hard.

Blood sugar monitoring/adjustments

Blood sugar monitoring is an essential measure of your health. This tells you your blood glucose level tat any time. Checking level can show you how you are monitoring your glucose intake and where you could improve. some instruments that help you do that are...

  • blood sugar meter (pricking yourself)


1. Wash and dry your hands

2. Turn on the meter and prepare a test strip as outlined in your owner's booklet.

3. Choose the place you want to prick yourself (on a finger)

4. get a drop of blood

5. Check your blood sugar by touching and holding the test strip opening to the drop until it has absorbed enough blood to begin the test.

  • insulin shots :

1.Insert the needle into the rubber stopper of the insulin bottle.

2. Push the plunger down to inject air into the bottle.

3.Leave the needle in the bottle and turn it upside down.

4. Then, inject it into yourself.

After being diagnosed, there are of course going to be some adjustments. There's going to insulin shots, new diet, maybe more exercise, and being very careful what you do in your everyday life. Remember to not over think it and practice having a better today for a better tomorrow.


Dietitians and Nutritionists : Occupational Outlook Handbook: : U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Exercise & Diabetes Complications | Joslin Diabetes Center. (n.d.). Retrieved from

How to Give Yourself an Insulin Shot for Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Type 1 Diabetes: American Diabetes Association®. (n.d.). Retrieved from

What Can I Eat If I Have Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved from