Resilient Citizens

Civil Rights Activists and a horse-rider

Rosa Parks- Civil Rights Activist

Rosa Parks was a Civil Rights Activist who was resilient to help rights after refusing to surrender her seat to a white passenger on a segregated bus. Rosa Parks’s resilient character was helping launch nationwide efforts to end segregation of public facilities. For example, The NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) needed public spokesman with leadership qualities to win the fight. The group included people such as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The NAACP campaigned, fought along with lawyers, at Universities and courts.

Most importantly, Rosa Parks started to help people by refusing to give up her seat on a segregated bus to a white person. While operating a bus, drivers were required to provide separate but equal accommodations for white and black passengers by assigning seats. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks boarded the Cleveland Avenue bus for home. She took a seat designated for "colored" passengers. Eventually, the bus was full and the driver noticed that several white passengers were standing in the aisle. Rosa refused and remained seated. The driver called the police and had her arrested. On the morning of December 5, the MIA believed that Rosa Parks's case provided an excellent opportunity to take further action to create real change. Overall, Rosa Parks was resilient by influencing and helping many blacks’ receive their rights.

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Maya Angelou vs. Alice Walker

Alice Walker and Maya Angelou are resilient African-American writers. Although almost a generation apart in age, both women displayed a remarkable similarity in their lives. Each have written about their experiences growing up in the rural South; Ms. Walker through her essays and Ms. Angelou in her autobiographies. Both women have faced adversities at age 8; Walker losing her eye and Angelou has been raped. Although these women have faced such misfortune, they have been resilient by getting back up and speaking for blacks through their writing. Although both wrote about their traumatic experience, the way each writes and the purposes are different.

Walker began to write as a child when she lost her eye she felt very shy and timid since people thought of her as ugly. On the other hand, Angelou began writing in her 30s’. Walker started to write because she found solace in reading and writing when she felt shy. Whereas, Angelou began writing randomly, putting down her life experiences on a paper. Before Angelou was encouraged to write about her life experiences as a child when she moved to the United States, Angelou was working as an editor and a freelance writer. When Walker writes she writes as an emotional response to her readers. However, Angelou writes in a conversational tone to her readers. Overall, Alice Walker and Maya Angelou have many qualities that are different and alike.

Martin Luther King Jr.- “I Have a Dream”

Martin Luther King Jr., was both a Baptist minister and civil-rights activist. Through his activism, he played a pivotal role in ending the legal segregation of African-American citizens. Martin Luther’s obstacle was prejudice. Whites certainly did not want blacks to be seen much. Blacks were told, in no uncertain terms, to get to the back of the bus and only use rest rooms, drinking fountains, etc., marked for "colored" people. Martin Luther was resilience through his obstacle and this led to his speech “I Have a Dream”.

On August 28, 1963, the historic March on Washington drew more than 200,000 people in the shadow of the Lincoln Memorial. It was here that King made his famous “I Have a Dream” speech, emphasizing his belief that someday colors won’t matter. The “I Have a Dream” speech produced a strong effect on public opinion. Many people in cities not experiencing racial tension began to question the nation's treatment of African-American citizens. This resulted in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 authorizing the federal government to enforce desegregation of public accommodations. This also led to Martin Luther King receiving the Nobel Peace Prize for 1964. All in all, Martin Luther was resilience through his obstacle of whites not accepting blacks so he gave a speech “I Have a Dream”.

Harriet Tubman-Underground Railroad-Civil Rights Activist

Harriet Tubman had been through a long journey of hardships and has been resilient to be a Civil Rights Activist and help other enslaved people reach freedom. Araminta Ross was born in 1819 [Harriet Tubman] and was born into slavery in 1819 or 1820, in Dorchester County, Maryland. She was raised under harsh conditions, such as whippings even as a small child. Cornmeal was her main source of nutrition and occasionally meat of some kind as her family had the privilege to hunt and fish. At the age of 12 Harriet Ross was seriously injured by a blow to the head, imposed by a white overseer for refusing to assist in tying up a man who had attempted escape. Although Harriet Tubman has faced many hardships, she was resilient and didn't let the adversities get in her way of her goal to free as many blacks from slavery as possible.

In 1844 at the age of 25, she married John Tubman, a free African American who did not share her dream. Her goal to achieve freedom was too large for her to give up though. So in 1849 she left her husband and escaped to Philadelphia. Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery in the same year of 1849, fleeing to Philadelphia. Tubman made use of the network known as the Underground Railroad to travel nearly 90 miles to Philadelphia. In years 1861 through 1865, Harriet Tubman remained active during the Civil War and saved more than 700 slaves. Harriet Tubman died at age 91 on March 10, 1913. Overall Harriet Tubman was resilient since she didn’t let adversities stop her from helping others reach freedom from slavery.

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I Rode A Horse Of Milk White Jade

Oyuna has faced many adversities and has persevered through it and has been resilient along the way. One main difficulty that Oyuna has faced is having her horse, Bayan, taken away from her by the Khan army. Oyuna went to a festival called Karakorum and traded for Bayan there. Oyuna believes that at Karakorum, Bayan said “save me”. Bayan had a bleeding crippled leg and Oyuna had a crippled leg as well. When Oyuna was was a small girl, a horse accidentally crushed her foot and her family believes that she has “bad luck”. Oyuna thinks that there is a connection between Oyuna and Bayan. As a solution, Oyuna masked her identity as a boy and went into the army. She crossed mountains in the wet, cold rain, she has starved and couldn’t find a home but did her best to get Bayan back from the army. In conclusion, Oyuna was resilient by getting back on her feet when she wanted to give up.

Another challenge that Oyuna faced was having “bad luck” by her crippled leg when a horse crushed her foot. When Oyuna was young her dream was to win the championship of horse riding and bring good luck to her family. Her parents daily prayed to a doll that had blood and food dried on it (religion) to bring good luck to Oyuna. At times Oyuna couldn’t walk or do the outdoor household chores. Although Oyuna had a crippled leg, she didn’t let that get in her way. She practiced horse riding won the championship in the competition. Oyuna was resilient and persevered through her obstacles but always found a solution.