Brain Cancer

"With awareness, there is hope."

What is Brain Cancer?


Brain Cancer is when cells grow rapidly in the brain forming a brain tumor and the severity of the tumor depends on when the tumor is detected

Big image

Cancer Symptoms

  • More frequent or severe headaches
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Vision problems
  • Loss of movement or feeling in arms or legs
  • Difficulty with balance
  • Difficulty with speech
  • Confusion
  • Personality changes
  • Seizures
  • Hearing Issues

How It Impacts The People It Affects

Some brain tumors can be benign and not affect people at all. Some people don't even know they have a tumor until they have an MRI and it is discovered. Not all tumors are like that. Depending on where it is in the brain, the tumor can affect normal functions severely. Daily activities become struggles and functioning can become very hard.

Prevalence

  • One of the top twenty most prevalent cancers in America
  • 125,968 less cases in 2015 than 2012
  • About 33% of patients will survive
  • Estimated 22,850 new cases in 2015
  • About 7,540 people will survive

How is this Diagnosed

Neurological Exams:

  • Vision tests
  • Hearing tests
  • Balance
  • Coordination
  • Strength
  • Reflexes
Image tests:

  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
  • CT (Computerized Tomography) Scan
  • PET (Positron Emission Tomography)
Biopsy

  • Test of abnormal tissue sample

Big image

Casues of Brain Cancer

Brain Tumors begin in Brain or Tissues close to it:
  • Pituitary Gland
  • Pineal Gland
  • Brain covering membranes
Tumors begin when cells gain mutated DNA. Primary tumors are much less common secondary tumors.

Secondary Tumors:

  • Start somewhere else
  • Mostly happens to people genetically linked to cancer
  • More common than primary tumors

Treatments for Brain Cancer

Choosing what treatment to use for a Brain Tumors is based on multiple things such as:
  • tolerance of certain medications
  • overall health
  • likelihood of the tumor recurring.
Treatments include:
  • AEDs (Anti-seizures/ Anti-epileptic Drugs)
  • Steroids and Surgery
Additional treatment options for larger tumors include:
  • Radiation therapy, which is when exposion to radiation kills tumor cells,
  • Chemotherapy, which is the use of medication to kill rapid cell growth and Tumor
  • Treating Fields, which is a wearable device that produces electric waves to disrupt cell division

Cellular and Molecular Level

Cellular


Cancer cells have a shorter lifetime than normal cells, which means cancerous cells divide quicker than normal cells. As cancer cells divide, the grow of cells is exponential which means as the cells divide a small tumor has already been made, when the cell growth finally plateaus this means that the large tumor has formed. Cell growth usually plateaus because of a limited supply of nutrients.


Molecular


Abnormalities in genetics are responsible for the creation of cancer cells. The abnormalities change the way protein products regulate cell growth, division and DNA repair. Two categories of mutated genes are oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes