Moose

Amazing Animal of the Week!

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Moose Habitats

Moose are fairly adaptable as far as habitats but most of the time you can find moose in places with a forest and a nearby body of water. Sometimes you can find moose in areas with seasonal snow covering. Countries most commonly associated with moose are Canada, Northern America, Asia, and Northern Europe. It is native to Canada, China, Mongolia, Russian Federation, and the United States.

Moose Status

The Moose is currently listed at least concern on the IUCN red list. The moose gets hunted commonly in most of its territories but is still widespread and abundant. They also have a stable population trend.

Diet

Moose are herbivores which means that they only eat plants. The amount of food that they need to eat changes throughout the year. In the summer, when there is plenty of lush food available, the moose eat large amounts of catkins and tall grasses living in the water. They even eat the leaves of water lilies. They also enjoy eating fresh plant shoots. In the winter they do not eat much because food is harder to find. During winter they mostly eat willow bushes and other woody plants. In the spring, summer, and fall moose need to eat about 50-60 pounds of food per day to maintain their great size. A moose stomach can hold up to 112 pounds of food at one time!

Biology

Male Moose can weigh up to 1,400 pounds, while female moose are normally in between 700 and 1,100 pounds. The big flap of skin and fur under their necks is called a bell. The male's antlers can weigh up to 75 pounds. Each year the antlers are shed between mid-December and January and begin to grow again in early spring. Antlers grow quickly and a thin furry covering known as “velvet” begins to grow over them. In August, when the antlers are full grown, the velvet sloughs off within a few days. The average life span of a Moose is 15-25 years.

Fun Facts

  • Moose can run up to 35 mph
  • The scientific name of Moose is Alces alces
  • The plural of Moose is Moose
  • In Europe Moose are called Eurasian Elks
  • Moose only have 32 teeth
  • Moose can swim up to 10 miles without stopping

Citations

"Moose." Wildscreen Arkive. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2016. <http://www.arkive.org/moose/alces-americanus/>.

Sattler, Stefan. "Moose Species and Population." Mooseworld. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2016. <http://mooseworld.com/mooseman/index.htm>.

"Moose Facts." All About Moose. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2016. <http://www.all-about-moose.com/moose-facts.html>.

wildernessdave. "Moose." Wilderness Classroom. N.p., 29 Nov. 2008. Web. 4 Feb. 2016. <http://www.wildernessclassroom.com/wilderness-library/moose/>.

"Moose Information, Photos, and Facts." American Expedition. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2016. <https://americanexpedition.us/moose-facts>.