Hemophilia

By: Ashwin Purohit

Intro:

Responsible for bleeding out longer, Hemophilia is a genetic disorder where a cut or injury doesn't clot properly. This rare disorder only happens to males most of the time, passed down from mother to son. There are two types of hemophilia: A and B. It becomes life threatening when internal bleeding occurs.
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History of hemophilia

This disease was first recognized in the 2nd century, but not named. Then in 16th century an Arabic man made notes of males bleeding out with no clots. Then in 1806, a man named Dr. John took all of this previous info and went to Harvard saying and bringing up a new disease, called hemophilia. Over the years until 1828, they did extensive research on how it happens.

About hemophilia

    Hemophilia is diagnosed with blood tests to determine if clotting factors are missing or at low levels, and which ones are causing the problem. If you have a family history of hemophilia, it is important that your doctors know the clotting factor your relatives are missing. This disorder is received from mother to son, where the female is the carrier. It is passed on through the genes, on the X chromosomes only. This disorder is an X linked disease, or sex linked.

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Signs and symptoms

Signs:


  • Excessive bleeding
  • Bruising easily
  • Nosebleeds for no reason
  • Blood in urine
  • Blood in stool
Symptoms:

  • Joint pain and swelling
  • Blood in vomit
  • Unexplained vomit

Treatments of hemophilia

No cure is available, but treatment is available, such as:

  • Injecting of clotting factors of plasma
  • Replacing broken protein clotted with new one
These treatments can reduce the pain in the joints and reduce symptoms.

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