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Geographical Features & Climate

Since it is located in Central America, the country has a subtropical climate throughout its lowlands and coastal areas.

Honduras has a mountainous interior which has a temperate climate. It's also prone to natural disasters like hurricanes, tropical storms and flooding.

Languages spoken

The official language of Honduras is Spanish

Greetings & gestures

Women usually greet each other with a little hug and a kissing gesture on the cheek. Men who are relatives or close friends may greet each other the same way women do. Other men will usually shake hands , sometimes with a hug and a pat on the back. The same gestures are exchanged again when parting.

Greetings almost always begin with 'buenos dias' (good day) or 'buenas trades' (good afternoon) or simply 'buenas.' Buenos dias is used until noon and then you switch to buenas tardes.

Most Hondurans drop the 's', so it changes to bueno' dia' and buena' noche'

Mucho gusto means 'nice to meet you' or 'nice to see you again'

Don or Doña (master or mistress of the house) are terms of respect used with the first name. Don or Doña are often used with those of higher rank in business or social status. Older people are often referred to this too.


Honduran currency is called lempiras

The symbol for it is 'L'

The coins frequently used are: 10, 20, 50

The frequently used banknotes are: L1, L2, L10, L20, L50, L100, L500

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The educational system in Honduras only covers about 87% of the school aged children while leaving the other 13% with no access to education at all. Because Honduras limits their access to free education to the 6th grade, poor families are unable to send their children to school beyond that.

There is only 30% of children who make it to high school and some are unable to finish it. Nearly 40% of the teachers in Honduras only receive basic training, leaving them unable to get the maximum out of each child's potential.

The literacy rate in Honduras is 85.1%

Type of Government

Honduras has a Democratic constitutional republic

Tourist Sites

  • Cayos Cochinos - has two main islands and several smaller cays, there are no roads but there is a hiking trail that links the beach to villages; the island is perfect for swimming and snorkeling
  • Rio Cangrejal - Central America's premier destination for kayaking and rafting, plenty of adrenaline rushes, 4 different pathways of the river are designated according to skill levels, ranging from inexperienced to advanced.
  • Comayagua Street Carpets - during the week between Palm Sunday and Easter Sunday, the quiet colonial village of Comayagua bursts into flurry of activity and color with its streets carpet tradition. The carpet the use is made with layers of colored sawdust and other natural materials like rice and flower petals to make the design the events leading up to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
  • Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve - this protects some of the Honduras's largest surviving unspoiled ecosystems as well as several endangered species. Visitors can enjoy hiking, fishing, and rafting expeditions here as well was tours through the rainforest to see the exotic birds, monkeys, jaguars, crocodiles and iguanas
  • Guanaja - this island offers the tourist a peaceful escape where they can relax or engage in fun outdoor activities; the island has a year round warm temperatures, high levels of visibility and coral reef, the ocean waters surrounding Guanaja are ideal for diving and snorkeling. Other activities to do are jungle trekking, hiking to Grant's Peak, viewing a lovely waterfall, and exploring the shopping, culture of the local villages.
  • Punta Sal - This was once used as a haven for pirates and now the protected territory around Punta Sal is today a popular place to encounter the natural beauty and the wildlife of Honduras. Tourist here can see a wide variety of wildlife species like tropical birds, sea turtles, dolphins, manatees, crocodiles, monkeys and boas
  • Lago de Yojoa - The largest natural lake in Honduras offers many things to see and do. This lake is perfect for fishing and birdwatching. There are many of restaurants and hotels in the lake area. Tourists can also enjoy dipping in nearby hot springs, exploring caves , hiking to stunning waterfalls, touring coffee plantations and investigating ancient Mayan ruins.
  • Utila - One of the Bay islands, Utila is regarded as one of the best diving destinations in the Caribbean. The waters of Utila certifies more new divers than any other place in the world. Diving is not the only feature that makes Utila a popular tourist attraction. In addition to other water activities like swimming, snorkeling, paddle boarding and kayaking, visitors can hike or horse ride through the jungle, explore caves and climb Pumpkin Hill to enjoy panoramic views
  • Copan - a relatively small Mayan site famous for its remarkable series of portrait stelae. The stelae and sculptured decorations of the buildings of Copan are some of the very finest surviving art of ancient Mesoamerica.
  • Roatan - one of the Honduras Bay Islands in Caribbean Sea. A popular port - of - call for cruise ships, the island of Roatan is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Honduras because of its beautiful scenery and variety of activities. It provides opportunities for diving, snorkeling and swimming.
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Popular Foods

  • Plato tipico - ( roasted beef served with plantain chips, picked cabbage, beans, sour cream and tortillas). Translates as 'typical dish' and is found in any eatery in the country
  • Baleadas - (flour tortilla filled with refried beans, a hard, crumbly cheese, sour cream and often pickled onions. Avocados, scrambled eggs or meat can be added). These are a common staple of the country
  • Enchiladas - ( a flat corn tortilla, fried and topped with ground beef or pork, cheese and a non-spicy tomato sauce)
  • Pastelito - (a folded, deep fried flour or corn tortilla filled with beef to chicken, rice and/ or potatoes and spices
  • Tamales - (fresh corn cakes sometimes served with cheese, chilies or raisins)
  • Sopa de caracol - (conch soup) a soup made with coconut milk, conch (or crab or fish), cassava, green plantains and coriander