Geography of Greece

By: J Hildebrand

What is the Geography of Greece.

The Geography of Greece in the Mainland part is completely surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. Greece has more than 1,400 islands and has mild Winters and dry Summers. Temperatures rarely reach extremes, although snowfall does occur occasionally. The Greek cities were founded around the Black Sea, North Africa, Italy, Sicily, France and Spain. The Greek cities were originally monarchies, many of them were very small and the term ''King'' for their rulers is misleading grand. An alpine climate is found primarily in Western Greece[ Epirus, Central Greece, Thessaly, Western Macedonia, and as well as central parts of the Peloponnese such as Achaea, and parts of Lakonia.

Where is the Geography of Greece

Greece is situated on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula. Surrounded by the Aegean, Mediterranean, and Ionian Seas on three sides, Greece has an important location as a gateway between Europe, Middle East, and Asia. Greece shares land borders with four countries: Albania, Bulgaria, Turkey, and the FYROM [ Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The Republic of Macedonia, to the north of Greece is closest to the Macedonian regions. Bulgaria to the northeast of Greece is closest to Kavala and the region of Thrace. Turkey is situated to the east and northeast of Greece, across the Aegean Sea and also sharing land area of 50,949 square miles and a coastline of 8,498 miles, one of the longest of all countries in the world.

Why is the Geography in Greece the way it is

Much of Greece is mountainous and rocky terrain, with the occasional plain. The Pindus Mountains start in Northern Greece and stretch south to the Gulf part of Greece which is called the Peloponnesus Mountains. About 20% of Greece made up of islands. Crete is a large island located in the Mediterranean Sea. It is a popular tourist area for its beautiful mountains, coastline, and many ancient ruins. Most of the people in Greece live along the coast, or along rivers and harbors. The people of Greece were one of the earliest civilizations.Greece still has many ancient ruins, some over 4,000 years old. Greece also has many medieval churches.Greece is also well known for it’s sculptures, paintings, pottery, poetry and play writing. The land within Greece is not very productive for farming. The Greeks have struggled to build a strong economy and the standard of living in Greece is lower than other European countries.

When did the Geography of Greece start

Northern Greece consists of Epirus and Thessaly, separated by the Pindus mountain range. The chief town in Epirus is Dodona where the Greeks thought Zeus provided oracles. Thessaly is the largest plains area in Greece. It is almost surrounded by mountains, on the north, the Cambunian range has as its highest mountain the home of the gods, Mt. Olympus and nearby, Mt Ossa. Between these two mountains is a valley called the Vale of Tempe through which runs the Peneius River. The Greek islands are generally subdivided into two groups, Ionian islands , Cephalonia, and Leucas west of the mainland and the Aegean islands including Euboea, Samos, Chios, Lesbos, and Crete to the east and south. North-central Greece, Epirus, and western Macedonia are all mountainous. The main chain of the Pindus Mountains extends from northwest Greece to the Peloponnese. Mount Olympus, rising to 9,570 ft (2,909 m), is the highest point in the country. The geography of Greece was a natural barrier to the first people who lived their. On the Mountainous land the geography kind of separated Greece. The sea was an actual barrier because when people came to invade they would be ready. The only way to invade Greece is by sea or by land.
Geography of Ancient Greece