The Klondike Gold Rush

A Stepping Stone to Yukon's Settlement in Canada

All About the Klondike Gold Rush

  • led to the establishment of Dawson City in 1896 and Yukon in 1898
  • caused stampede of people to Klondike between 1897-1899
  • changed the image of Yukon- known as just a barren wasteland
  • the rush was in the Northern West, Yukon and Alaska
  • some people became very wealthy because of this gold rush
  • mining was difficult due to permafrost
  • first strike was in August 17th 1896 with George Carmack and his two Native American in-laws
  • the actual search was in 1874
  • no one learned about the gold strike until July 1897
  • brought 100,000 gold seekers
  • North-West Mounted Police was in charge of maintaining law
  • hundreds of millions worth of gold were taken out of the ground
  • bad for the environment

How it Affected Yukon's Settlement

  • Canada sent Northwest Mounted Police to control area
  • population grew rapidly
  • grew population in Dawson City (25,000 people over night and 40,000 people in two years)
  • Yukon became a separate territory in 1898 (during gold rush)
  • Canada was interested in resources
  • railroads were made to transport gold and this connected Yukon to Canada

Who It Affected: The First Nations

  • drastic reduction of moose,caribou and fish
  • destruction of salmon streams
  • loss of market- couldn't trade of sell their resources
  • resources were taken away

Pictures of the Klondike Gold Rush


Berton, Pierre. "Ruée vers l'or du Klondike ," The Canadian Encyclopedia, March 5.2015

"Klondike Gold Rush", Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,March 5.2015

"Alaska Genaology" Alaska Web, March 5.2015