Gold Rush

January 24, 1848

What Is The Gold Rush

The gold rush was the discovery of gold flakes at John Sutters mill, in the American river, that was in the area of Sacramento Valley in the early 1848. It was known to be the most significant event that shaped Americas history. Thousands of gold miners traveled by land or sea. A total about $2 billion worth of gold was removed from the area during the Gold Rush.

The Details Of The Gold Rush

James Wilson Marshall, was a carpenter originally from New Jersey. During the year of 1848, on January 24, he was building a water powered sawmill, which is owned by John Sutter. At this time he found gold flakes in the American River, at the base of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. When Marshall and Sutter tried to keep their discovery quiet, but during mid-march a newspaper reported that there was large quantities of gold at Sutters Mill.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             As the news spreaded, the first migrants to arrive, was those whos land was accesible by boat. Also people from Spanish, Native American, and American decent, came to the mill, for search of gold. By the time it was August the number of miners in the area reached past 4,000. These thousands of gold miners were known as 49ers. By the 1850s, the gold had finally disappeared, but that didnt stop miners from coming. Sense the gold was being hard to reach it sent many miners into wage labor. In 1853 they started to do hydraulic mining, which brought large profits. This is when it had reached its peak, but declined gradually year after year. Now it is extremely hard to find.