By Isabel Machlab

Basic Facts

The population of Georgia is 4,931,226. The capital is Tbilisi and the leader is President Giorgi Margvelashvili. The government type is semi-presidential republic and the official language is Georgian. Nine percent of the people speak Russian, seven percent speak Armenian, six percent speak Azeri, and seven percent speak other languages. That leaves seventy-one percent of the population speaking Georgian. The flag of Georgia can be known as the Five Cross Flag.


Georgians are required to attend school for eight years. They have to complete primary and secondary school. Most major ethnic groups have their own schools but public schools are becoming more popular. Everyone has access to public schools but students that attend public schools are required to provide their own books, fees, uniforms, and supplies. Teachers are addressed by their first names followed by mastsavlebelo or masts which means teacher. Students have to pass the unified entry exam to go to a university or college.


Springs begins late leading to dry summers that are often over 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Rain is heavy in coastal areas. Georgia is subtropical in coastal areas and continental further inland. The winters are cold and windy between the 40s and 50s. There is snow in the mountain areas.


Most of Georgia is mountains. The country is about the size of West Virginia. The highest peak is Shkhara at 17,064 ft(5,201 meters). The Great Caucasus Range is in the north and the Lesser Caucasus Range is in the south. The Surami Range divides east and west.


"Flag of Georgia (country)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 12 May 2016.

Fresco in Ubisi. Digital image. Georgia and South Caucasus. Web.

Georgia beach. Digital image. Travel with Pedro. Web. 13 May 2016.

Georgia cusine. Digital image. Wikipedia. Web. 17 May 2016.

South Caucasus. Digital image. Boot Snall. Web. 17 May 2016.

"Subscriber Area Only." CultureGrams Online Database: Subscriber Area Only. Web. 09 May 2016.