Elephant

By: Aniyah Plase Period 3 5/16/16

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Habitat

There are 2 types of elephants . African elephants and Asian elephants also known as Indian elephants ( Fact Monster). The Asian elephants who are found in Sri Lankan, Indian, Sumatran, Borneo and look a little more grey and only some males have tusks. On the other hand there are African elephants who are found in the savannah and the forest, they look a little more brown and all have large white tusks . Mainly elephants live in places with a full supply of food and water.

Movement

Elephants walk on their round feet. Some elephants have four toes on the hind foot and five on the forefoot and other elephants have three on the hind foot and five on the forefoot. ( Elephant Species WWF). Elephants also have large legs. Because elephants have large legs and big round feet they can carry their weight. Male elephants weight from 6,000 to 15,000 pounds. Elephants can also swim, and spent a great deal of time in the water.

Body Covering

Elephants are the largest land animals. They have loose leathery skin that is tough, thick and nearly hairless. Elephants have very long noses that are called trunks, that they use as hands. An elephants trunk is used for eating, picking up logs and of course breathing, smelling, touching and drinking. Some elephants also have tusks which are just big front teeth. Tusks are used to pick up food etc. and to protect themselves. All elephants have large ears use to cool themselves down. Elephants also have short tails.

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Diet

Elephants are herbivores. They mainly eat plants and drink water and use their trunk as hands, which comes in handy when it's time to eat. Elephants mainly eat leaves, grass, bamboo, roots, fruit and bark. Sometimes elephants will eat crops like banana and sugarcane, which are grown by farmers. For about three quarters of a day elephants eat. Also elephants drink around 200 liters of water each day. When elephants are grown up and spend three fourths of the day eating they can eat 300-600 pounds of food per day.

Reproduction

Elephants mating season is what we call rainy season. Elephants mate a few times through the day. Pregnancy lasts for about 22 months. An elephants usually have one calf at a time, twins are pretty rare. At birth calves weigh about 200-250 pounds. When a calf is born it's trunk has no muscle tone and the calf's trunk will suckle through its mouth ( defenders of wildlife ). Several months after a new born calf is born will to gain full control of it's trunk. Usually there is one male if any per herd so the females help each other raise their young.
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Adaptations

Elephants form deep family bonds and live in herds that is led by the oldest and often largest female in the herd, the matriarch. Depending on family size there can be 8-100 individuals. After a calf is born, it's whole matriarchal herd raises it. Between the ages of 12-15 males leave the herd.Elephants live in herds to protect each other. An elephant is a very smart animal that can remember things for years at a time. Elephants depend on their memories to lead their herds to old watering holes that they remember from the past. They also show signs of feeling emotions like grief, joy, anger and play.
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Other Info

  • female elephants weigh less then males
  • Asian elephants are endangered
  • a group of elephants is called a herd
  • an elephant is about 6ft to a man
  • Asian elephant herds have 6-7 related females
  • within the African group of elephants there are 2 more groups
  • female elephants are called cows
  • male elephants are called bulls
  • baby elephants are called calfs

Work Cited

"Elephants." Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2016. <http://kidcyber.com.au/
topics/animals/elephants/>.

Elephant Overview." WWT. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2016.
<http://www.worldwildlife.org/species/elephant>.Elephant Overview." WWT.

"Elephant Fact Sheet." Defenders of Wildlife. Defenders of wildlife, 2016. Web.
11 May 2016. http://www.defenders.org/elephant/basic-facts.

"Elephant." Fact Monster. N.p., 2012. Web. 11 May 2016.
<http://www.factmonster.com/encyclopedia/science/elephant.html>.