Comparison of Colonial Regions

Briana Johnson

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New England Region

  • In 1620, a group of Puritans successfully established a colony at Plymouth, Massachusetts, where they became known as the Pilgrams.
  • They relied heavily on the Atlantic Ocean for shipbuilding, trade, and fishing.
  • They had some small farms that were used by families who wanted to be self sufficient.
  • The Puritan Church was a central part of life, and every settler had to attend.
  • Dissenters would be banished
  • In 1692, the Salem Witch Trials were held, where various townspeople were accused of being witches and were condemned to death.
  • Puritans were the first to promote public education.
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Middle Region

  • More religious tolerance and more cultural diversity.
  • Depended on both farming and commerce.
  • Due to waterways, they also benefited from fur trade.
  • Forged an economic relationship with Native Americans.
  • Under the leadership of William Penn, Pennsylvania became home of the Quakers.
  • The middle region colonies began to push west and expand first because of the diversity and tolerance.
  • Upper class consisted of merchants and the lower class consisted of sailors, unskilled workers, and some artisans.
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Southern Region

  • We're established mainly for economic reasons.
  • First successful English settlement was Jamestown, Virginia.
  • Established by a joint stock company- Virginia Company.
  • First few years were hard until John Rolfe saved the colony by discovering tobacco.
  • Staple crops, such as tobacco and rice, left to the rise of the plantation system.
  • Indentured servants would work for landowners for seven years in exchange for the landowner to pay for their trip.
  • This system eventually led to slavery.
  • Society was divided by the rich plantation owners, poor farmers, and slaves.
  • Public education did not exist for some time in the southern colonies.
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