The Bubonic Plague

Watch out on the streets! The plague is running aloof once again! Everyone remembers the Black Death. The greatest catastrophe ever, the disease that spread across Europe in the years 1346-1353. The disease was a tragedy that, in the course of a few months, killed 60% of Florence's populations. It was an epidemic of bubonic plague, a disease caused by Yersinia pestis. Plague among humans arises when rodents living near humans become infected. Three to seven days after exposure to the bacteria symptoms like fever (over 100), headaches, and vomiting will occur. Acral gangrene is a common symptom. Acral gangrene is when there is an insufficient blood flow to a certain body part causing the skin to turn black. Swollen lymph nodes occur as well to the area where the bacteria entered the skin. Occasionally the lymph nodes break open. After being bit by a flea, the bacteria enters the skin and travels through the lymphatic vessels to a lymph node. There are multiple antibiotics that are effective to treat the disease. The bubonic plague kills 30%-90% of those infected. Death, if occurs, will occurs will happen after 10 days of exposure. The risk of death is about 10% for those with treatment. 750 documented cases resulted in 126 deaths in 2013. To prevent this from happening to you, stay away from dead animals in areas where the bubonic plague is common.