State & Federal Government

By Kasey.H

Statement

Australia's head of state is Queen Elizabeth II. Australia's Formal name is the Commonwealth of Australia. The Commonwealth of Australia was formed in 1901when 6 British colonies joined together to make a new nation. The Birth of Our Nation is often referred to as 'Federation'.

Map of Australia (including states and territories)

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History of Federation

Federation is the coming together of the states. It was an important day in history because it was the first step towards what we know as australia today. The men involved in federation were Henry Parks, Edmond Barten and Alfred Dickens.

Australian Flag

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The Australian Flag has 3 elements on a blue background. The Southern Cross, Commonwealth Star and the Union Jack. The Union Jack in the upper left corner acknowledges the history of British settlement. Under the Union Jack is the commonwealth star. It has seven points representing the 6 states and the territories of the commonwealth of Australia. The southern Cross (right side)is a reminder of Australia's geography. The Constellation of 5 stars can only be seen from the southern hemisphere.

Coat of arms

The Australian Coat of Arms is commonly but incorrectly referred to as the 'Commonwealth Crest'. The supporters are native Australian Animals. The Red Kangaroo (Macropus Rufus) and the Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae). It is believed that they were chosen to symbolise a nation moving forward Reflecting a common belief that neither animals move backwards easily. This coat of arms was used on some Australian coins and last appeared on the six penny piece in 1966.
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Crest

Each picture on the crest stands for one of the six states of Australia.

NSW= Cross with lion and stars

QLD= Blue cross with crown

VIC= southern cross

WA= Black swan

SA= Piping Shrike

TAS= Red walking lion

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State Animals

Australian Animals Song

Colours and Logo's

The Australian National colours are green & gold. These colours are commonly used in international sporting events such as the Olympics. These Colours are also seen in the Australian Coat of Arms. They also appear on most signs that say Australia.

Population

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In Australia it is estimated that there is

* 1 birth every 1 minute and 42 seconds

* 1 death every 3 minutes and 36 seconds

* A net gain of one international migration every 2 minutes and 9 seconds leading to

an overall population increase of one person every 1 minute 17 seconds.


This is an up to date population clock

http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/94713ad445ff1425ca25682000192af2/1647509ef7e25faaca2568a900154b63?OpenDocument

Australian Prime Minister

This is an Australian Prime Minister Timeline beginning at 1901

Edmund Barton 1901-03
Alfred Deakin- 1903-04__________________ 1905-08 ____________________1909-10
Chris Watson -1904
George Reid -1904-05
Andrew Fisher-1908-09_____________________ 1910-13 _____________________1914-15
Joseph Cook- 1913-14
William Morris Hughes-1915-23
Stanley Melbourne Bruce-1923-29
James Scullin -1929-32
Joseph Lyons- 1932-39
Earle Page- 1939
Robert Menzies- 1939-41_______________________ -1949-66
Arthur Fadden- 1941
John Curtin- 1941-45
Francis Forde- 1945
Ben Chifely- 1945-49
Harold Holt- 1966-67
John McEwen- 1967-68
John Gorton- 1968-71
William McMahon- 1971-72
Gough Whitlam- 1972-75
Malcom Fraser- 1975-83
Robert Hawke- 1983-91
Paul Keating- 1991-96
John Howard- 1996-2007
Kevin Rudd- 2007-10_____________________________________ 2013
Julia Gillard- 2010-13
Tony Abbott- 2013-

The Australian Constitution

A constitution is a set of rules by which a country or state is run.

Australian Constitution explained

The 3 arms of the Australian Government

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The three arms are `

Legislature

Executive

Judiciary.


Legislature

- The Legislature, (also known as parliment) is made up of democratically-elected representatives from around Australia. They have meetings at the Parliment House in Canberra to discuss laws for the benefit of the nation.



Executive

-The Executive is the administrative arm of the government, made up of government employees working in many departments and agencies. The Executive puts the laws of australia into action and uphold the laws once they start to operate.



Judiciary

- This is the legal arm of the government.

The role of Judiciary is to enforce Australias laws and also to ensure that the other arms of the government do not act beyond powers granted to them by the constitution or by parliment.

The NSW Premier

The NSW premier is the head of government in the state of NSW, Australia. The New South Wales government follows the Westminister system. With a parliment of NSW acting as the legislate.

Parliament

The Parliament consists of 2 houses(The House of Representatives and the senate) and the Queen, Represented by the Governer General. Parliament makes laws, authorises the government to spend public money, scrutinises government activities, and is a forum for debate on national issues.

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The Senate

The Senate consists of 76 senators, 12 from each of the 6 states and 2 from each of the mainland territories. The Senate is one of the 2 houses of the Australian Federal Parliament. The president of the senate is responsible for the administration for the department of the senate.
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The House of Representatives

The role of The House of Representatives is to determine the government, debates and passes laws, watches over government administration and expenditure , and provides a forum for public debate on issues of national importance.

Courts, Bills & Laws

Courts

Who's who in a court Room

Bills

A bill is a proposal for a law or a change to an existing law. A bill becomes a law when agreed to in identical form by The Senate and the House of representatives and assented to by the Governor General (GG).

Laws

Australian laws are made and passed on by the House of Representatives. If you break these laws (depending on how bad it is) Punishments can range from A small fine - jail.

Elections

How Parliament's Elections Work
Elections are what we us to determine a new Leader e.g.Prime Minister. Each Person From the country gets a say in who they want to lead you.

Political Parties

There are many political Parties in Australia and here are a few:


_____Major Parties____

Australian Labor Party

Liberal Party

National Party


_____Minor Parties____

Australian Democrats

Greens

Family First


_____Micro Parties____

One Nation

Fishing and Lifestyle Party

Liberal Democratic Party

Local Council

The Local Goverment Provides many services for you such as:

* Road Construction

* Footpath construction

* street lighting

* Waste Management And Recylcing

* Library and Information Services

* Stormwater Drainage

* Swimming Pools and leisure centers

* Crime Prevention Programs


And Many more helpful services.

Bibliography

http://bit.ly/TbRQFE
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http://australia.gov.au/about-australia/our-government/australian-government

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http://www.itsanhonour.gov.au/coat-arms/index.cfm

http://www.peo.gov.au/learning/closer-look/the-australian-constitution.html

http://www.google.com.au/search?q=NSW+premier

http://bit.ly/1pwdf6T

http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament

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http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/House_of_Representatives

http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Senate

http://www.aph.gov.au/Senators_and_Members/Senators/The_President

http://bit.ly/1jTWQ8h

http://australia.gov.au/funnelback/search?collection=gov_combined&coverage=info&gscope1=&form=simple&sort=&num_ranks=&extra_all_num_ranks=&searchAgain=true&advancedSearch=false&query=Laws&query_and=&query_phrase=&query_not=

http://primeministers.naa.gov.au/primeministers/
http://www.localgovt.sa.gov.au/how_councils_work/the_local_government_system#services

http://ldp.org.au/quiz/ozparties.html