People of the Past: Middle Ages
William The Conqeuror, King John, Joan Of Arc
William The Conqeuror (William The Bastard)
Born: 1027, Falaise, France, Died: September 9, 1087, Rouen, France, Died of illness, Location: France and England.He was a leader, innovative, strong willed, and stalwart.Why a bastard? He was a bastard because his parents were never married.
William won the Battle of Hastings in 1066. It was a Norman victory over the English. When he was 19 he survived a rebellion in 1046, proving his leadership skills. William once said,"Battles can not be won by a single person, but in this case I won for Normandy." When he was child one of his chores was to treat leather with cow urine.
In the early fall of 1066 he sent his armies to Yorkshire to conquer England. William created The Doomsday Book, which was a book of lands and properties in England. Williams rule of England affected English arhcitecture, their vocabulary and many other things.
DUGGAN, C. "William I, King of England." New Catholic Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. Vol. 14. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 729-730. World History In Context. Web. 6 May 2013.
King John (John Lackland)
Born: December 24, 1167, Oxford, United Kingdom, Died: October 19, 1216, Newark, United Kingdom, Died of illness.He was described as stubborn, smart, and educated. His official name was John Lackland
He and his Nephew Arthur argued about how Arthur claimed he deserved the throne. John had Arthur killed. King John refused to recognize Stephen Langton as the Archbishop of Canterbury. He was the youngest son of King Henry II. After signing the Magna Carta he said, "I got the power! But, I still have to follow the laws."
In 1214, he made a choice to return to a the hostile kingdom that hated him. King John created the Magna Carta. This was one of his greatest accomplishments, which made it so that kings and nobles had to follow the same laws as their subjects. He didn't want to but, he knew he had to.
BRÜCKMANN, J. "John, King of England." New Catholic Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. Vol. 7. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 913-914. World History In Context. Web. 6 May 2013.
Joan Of Arc (Maid of Orleans)
Born: 1412. Domremy, france, Died: May 30, 1431, Rouen, france, Burned to the stake, Occupation: Leader and Saint, Location: France. She was a leader, courageous and faithful.
She took part in the Hundred Years War, even though she was just a teenager she was a key French leader. She claimed she was having visions and she also claimed she was visited by St. Michael. Joan once said, "Most girl my age go out shopping, I go out to battle!" She went from being a peasant girl to a highly respected leader.
She made the decision to become a leader for the French, she was one of their most respected military leaders. She helped take back Orleans from the English. Last but not least, she helped Charles VII become the king of France.
"Joan of Arc." Middle Ages Reference Library. Ed. Judy Galens and Judson Knight. Vol. 3: Vol. 2: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2001. 191-198. World History In Context. Web. 6 May 2013.