A Christmas Carol Backround

Daniel Lenhart

Charles Dickens.

Charles Dickens was born on Feb. 7,1812. He was the oldest of ten children. His father worked in the navy and owed a lot of debt. As the years went by, his family grew deeper in debt. Eventually his father was arrested and put in prison with his family, but not Charles. Charles was the oldest, so he got to stay out of prison. But he had to find a job so he could pay for the debt. If he payed for the debt, his family would be set free. As time went buy, he got his parents out if prison. Charles met a girl named Katherine Hoggart. He had 10 children with Katherine, but when Katherine died, he married her sister, Mary. Charles and Mary had 3 children, making a total of 13 children. Charles got interested in writing, so he started writing novels. His first novel was called "Oliver Twist." As time grew by, he wrote famous novels such as "A Christmas Carol."

The Victorian Era

Queen Victoria (1819-1901) was the first English monarch to see her name given to the period of her reign whilst still living. The Victorian Age was characterized by rapid change and developments in nearly every sphere, from advances in medical, scientific and technological knowledge to changes in population growth and location. Over time, this rapid transformation deeply affected the country's mood: an age that began with a confidence and optimism leading to economic boom and prosperity eventually gave way to uncertainty and doubt regarding Britain's place in the world. Today we associate the nineteenth century with the Protestant work ethic, family values, religious observation and institutional faith.

For the most part, nineteenth century families were large and patriarchal. They encouraged hard work, respectability, social deference and religious conformity. While this view of nineteenth century life was valid, it was frequently challenged by contemporaries.