Artifacts of the Holocaust
Luke Preston 1st period.
During Hitlers and the Nazis rise to power, a big part of their conquest was stealing artwork from the Jews. The Germans had many reasons for stealing the artwork. The first and the biggest was for money. They would steal the artwork from the Jews and sell it for money. They would also steal the art and burn it to discourage the Jews. The final reason for stealing the artwork was simply because Hitler enjoyed it. He had a hobby of painting and wanted to have artwork. All of this caused for some very hard times for the Jews.The artwork that was stolen includes many pieces by Vincent Van Gogh, Michelangelo, and Johannes Vermeer. All of these were famous painters and sculptors who made artwork in the 1600's and 1700's. All of this was a very important part of history and still is important because the Germans stole millions of dollars worth of art. Now, in many countries, laws are in place to protect and return the stolen artwork. There are many other artifacts, like journals, music, and poems, from the Holocaust. Lots of these have been recovered and help people to understand what kind of things the people had to endure.
Madonna of Bruges
This is a very famous sculpting made by Michelangelo. It depicts Mary holding baby Jesus. This sculpting was most famous for the fact that Mary is not smiling, but looking straight ahead. This small detail almost creates the feeling that Mary knew what would happen to her child.
This image, by Johannes Vermeer, is a picture of a middle class scientist. Vermeer was a famous painter and Hitler admired his work very much. Because Hitler liked Vermeer so much, he decided to steal the artwork and keep it to admire during his reign. Soon after Hitler was defeated, the artwork was returned to it's owner.
Portrait of Dr. Grachet
This painting, by Vincent Van Gogh, was one that he made right before his death. It was meant to show sadness, as well as intelligence. Today, the paintings whereabouts remain unknown.
Madonna of Bruges
Music and the Holocaust
Holocaust Act 2009
Facts and Other Information
- Hitler loved to paint in his spare time and enjoyed different types of art from all different painters and sculptors.
- Music played a huge part in the Holocaust by being featured at rallies and public events and by keeping people occupied during their free time.
- Between 1933 and 1945, Hitler stole over 750,000 pieces of artwork.
- Hitler was actually denied, on two separate occasions, admission to an Academy of Art
- Although many pieces of artwork was recaptured shortly after World War II, thousands of pieces of art were not and still remain unaccounted for today.
This website is wonderful for explaining all the different types of music during the Holocaust. This is one of the websites I got lots of my information from and all of it links check out, so it pretty legitimate. This website also provides lots of information about people and composers from the Holocaust.
This is another great website/online database. It has lots of information about the stolen artwork and actions of governments to recover it. This website also has lots of information about Jewish people themselves. This was my first website I used and help me a lot in making this project.
Aalders, Gerald. "Holocaust (Return of Cultural Objects) Act 2009." Lootedart.com. 2016. Web. 29 Jan. 2016. <http://wV515471_print;Yww.lootedart.com/NQ2TY>.
Gilbert, Shirli. "Music and the Holocaust." : Home. 2005. Web. 02 Feb. 2016. <http://holocaustmusic.ort.org/>.
Haugen, Brenda. "We Remember." The Holocaust Museum. Minneapolis, MN: Compass Point, 2008. 6-7. Print.
Johnson, Bryan. "Top 10 Famous Pieces of Art Stolen by the Nazis - Toptenz.net." Toptenz.net. 12 Mar. 2014. Web. 25 Jan. 2016. <http://www.toptenz.net/10-famous-pieces-of-art-stolen-by-the-nazis.php>.
Levine, Jason. "Holocaust Restitution: Recovering Stolen Art." Jewish Virtual Library. Associated Press, Sept. 2014. Web. 22 Jan. 2016. <https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/lostart.html>.
The National Archives. "Holocaust (Return of Cultural Objects) Act 2009." Legislation.gov.uk. 2009. Web. 29 Jan. 2016. <http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2009/16/notes/division/3>.
PoemHunter.Com - About Us. Thousands of Poems and Poets. "PoemHunter.Com - About Us. Thousands of Poems and Poets." Poemhunter.com. Nov. 2014. Web. 25 Jan. 2016. <http://www.poemhunter.com/PoemHunter/show.asp?p=AboutUs%2Finc_about_us.htm>.
Szyk, Arthur. Tears of Rage. Digital image. USHMM. Web. 29 Jan. 2016. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_da.php?MediaId=5060>.
USHMM. "Songs of the Ghettos, Concentration Camps, and World War II Partisan Outposts." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 1 Feb. 2016. <http://www.ushmm.org/information/exhibitions/online-features/collections-highlights/music-of-the-holocaust-highlights-from-the-collection/music-of-the-holocaust/the-soldiers-of-the-moor>.
USHMM. "We Were Never Die, Program Cover, 1943." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 29 Jan. 2016. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_da.php?MediaId=5060>.