Second explanation is absolute


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Thus, infants can compare the pitch distances free online tamil fm between tones (i.e., the relative pitch) even when the absolute pitches are changed. With respect to absolute pitch, infants can detect when a melody is transposed to a different pitch range (i.e., absolute pitch) when the time interval between comparison melodies is short, but they treat the original and transposed versions as equivalent when the interval between them is longer (Rehab, Bull,& Thorpe, 1984), suggesting that infants are using a relative, not an absolute, pitch code for storing melodies in long term memory.

On the other hand, using a statistical learning paradigm, two other studies (Saffron, 2003; Saffron, 2001) reported that infants process absolute, but not relative, pitch; however, these studies suffer from methodological issues, and can be interpreted free online tamil fm as showing that infants do, in fact, process relative pitch.1 It also has been reported that infants prefer to listen to a song sung at the same pitch as during familiarization in comparison to the song sung at a new pitch (Moldova, Rehab,& 2004). However, when a singer changes pitch range, the timbre or quality of her voice changes as well.

Infants have been shown to remember voices for at least2 weeks (1993) and to remember instrument timbres tamil online movie for at least hours (Wu,& 2004). It is probable, therefore, that infants were responding to timbre and not absolute pitch in the Moldova Study. Trainer and colleagues reasoned that a good test of free online tamil fm whether infants encode pitch relations in long-term memory in relative and/or absolute terms would involve a long delay between familiarization and test, and no confound between relative and absolute pitch.

They first confirmed that infants who listened to one of two old English folk songs played on a piano at home for7 days remembered the melody (Trainer et al., 2004). Specifically, on the eighth day, they showed that infants preferred to listen to whichever melody they had not been familiarized with (novelty preference). Planting and Traitor (in press) then tested for relative pitch encoding by conducting the same experiment but with the melodies transposed either free online tamil fm up or down by a perfect fifth(7 12 of an octave) or Triton (12 octave) at test compared to during familiarization (Figure 3). Despite the transposition, infants still showed a strong novelty preference, indicating that they recognized the familiar melody in transposition, and thus that they process relative pitch.

On the other hand, after familiarization, if the two melodies at test were both the familiar melody—one at the pitch heard at home and the other at a novel pitch—infants showed no preference for either version. This shows that absolute pitch is not salient to infants under these conditions, and gives no indication that tamil online movie they remembered the absolute pitch.1 In Saffron, Assign, and Newport’s (1996) study of statistical learning in speech, they created three-syllable ‘‘words,’’ played with no breaks between them during familiarization, such that both pairs of syllables composing them have a high transitional free online tamil fm probability in only one of two familiarization streams.

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