Chris Rudy

I am currently in a program that teaches teenagers about what a Police Officer does.

Duties and functions

Responsibilities of a police officer are varied to many different things.Typical duties relate to keeping the peace, enforce law, protecting people and property, and the investigation a crimes. Officers are expected to respond to a variety of situations that may arise while they are on duty. Rules and guidelines decide how an officer should behave within the community, and in many contexts restrictions are placed on what the uniformed officer wears. In some countries, rules and procedures dictate that a police officer is obliged to intervene in a criminal incident, even if they are off-duty. Police officers in nearly all countries retain their lawful powers, while off duty.

Permanent Police Officer

Permanent police officers are always hired at the rank of constable. They may take on the position of either neighborhood police officer or support officer. After a probationary period of 12 months, they may move to other positions as these positions become available, following procedures set out in the collective agreement.

Temporary officers are given hiring priority based on their date of hire.

If no temporary police officers have priority, the SPVM may hire a permanent officer directly from the pool of aspiring candidates.


Most police officers follow a schedule of 21 workdays every 35 days.

A workday is 8.5 hours long and includes a one-hour lunch break, half an hour of which is paid.

Shifts rotate through night, day and evening.

The number of consecutive workdays without a day off cannot exceed 7. The work schedule is arranged so that weekly leave is grouped in blocks of at least 2 days.

There are also other work schedules for specific positions or temporary placements for specific needs.


In light of the peculiarities of police work, holidays are added to a bank of annual leave time.


1 to 2 years, 3 to 7 years, 8 to 9 years, 10 to 14 years, 15 to 16 years, 17 years, 18 years, 19 years, 20 to 24 years, 25 to 29 years, 30 years and up.

Number of Days
21, 24, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, and 37.

The collective agreement makes several types of leave available to permanent police officers:LEAVE

  • Social leave
  • Maternity and parental leave
  • Deferred pay leave
  • Unpaid leave

Social leave

Social leave is granted for marriage, deaths, births or adoption.

Maternity and parental leave

A pregnant police officer is granted 20 weeks of maternity leave. For the entire period, the officer receives payment equal to 90% of her gross weekly pay.

At the end of her maternity leave, the police officer may take unpaid parental leave for up to 52 weeks. This leave is also available to male police officers whose wives have given birth. The father may take parental leave as soon as the child is born.

A police officer who legally adopts a child can also take unpaid parental leave for up to 52 weeks.

Deferred pay leave

Police officers who have 5 years of service can take a deferred pay leave over a period of 2 to 5 years. The time off may vary from 6 to 12 months.

Unpaid leave

The director of the SPVM may accept a justified request for unpaid leave from an officer who has over 3 years of service. Over the course of their careers, officers may be granted unpaid leave for a maximum of 2 periods of up to 12 consecutive months each.


The services of an assistance program are available for all SPVM officers.

The SPVM is recognized for its professionalism and the quality of the programs it has developed over the years, including its suicide prevention and police-resource programs.


Police officers become eligible for the SPVM pension plan as soon as they are hired as permanent officers.


In the community

In the majority of Western legal systems, the major role of the police is to maintain order, keeping the peace through surveillance of the public, and the subsequent reporting and apprehension of suspected violators of the law. They also function to discourage crimes through high-visibility policing, and most police forces have an investigative capability. Police have the legal authority to arrest, usually granted by magistrates. Police officers also respond to emergency calls, along with routine community policing. Police are often used as an emergency service and may provide a public safety function at large gatherings, as well as in emergencies, disasters, search and rescue situations, and Road Traffic Collisions. To provide a prompt response in emergencies, the police often coordinate their operations with fire and emergency medical services In some countries, individuals serve jointly as police officers as well as firefighters (creating the role of Fire Police) or paramedics. In many countries, there is a common emergency service number that allows the police, firefighters, or medical services to be summoned to an emergency. Some countries, such as the United Kingdom have outlined command procedures, for the use in major emergencies or disorder. The Gold Silver Bronze command structure is a system set up to improve communications between ground based officers and the control room, typically, Bronze Commander would be a senior officer on the ground, coordinating the efforts in the center of the emergency, Silver Commanders would be positioned in an 'Incident Control Room' erected to improve better communications at the scene, and a Gold Commander who would be in the Control Room.

Police are also responsible for reprimanding minor offenders by issuing citations which typically may result in the imposition of fines, particularly for violations of traffic law. Traffic enforcement is often and effectively accomplished by police officers on motorcycles—called motor officers,these officers refer to the motorcycles they ride on duty as simply motors.Police are also trained to assist persons in distress, such as motorists whose car has broken down and people experiencing a medical emergency. Police are typically trained in basic first aid such as CPR.

In addition, some park rangers are commissioned as law enforcement officers and carry out a law-enforcement role within national parks and other back-country wilderness and recreational areas, where as Military police perform law enforcement functions within the military.


The following salary scale for police officers came into effect on December 31, 2010:


Constable at hiring$37,727

6th class constable (after 12 months)$41,997

5th class constable (after 24 months)$46,680

4th class constable (after 36 months)$52,675

3rd class constable (after 48 months)$59,081

2nd class constable (after 60 months)$64,063

1st class constable (after 72 months)$71,182

A shift differential equal to 3% or 4% of a 1st class constable's salary is paid for every hour of regular time worked respectively in evening and night shifts.
Permanent officers required to work overtime are paid at the rate stipulated in the collective agreement.