North American Natives

by: katie kelly


The Anasazi natives were from the time period of 500- 1200 AD. They made dams, ditches, and canals to trap rain from tops of mesa and channel to gardens on the canyon floor. Their houses were made of adobe and stone, multi- storied, and looked liked apartments along walls of cliffs or large plazas. The heart of their civilization was located in the Chaco Canyon and it was called Pueblo Bonito. There was a massive complex of more than 1,000 people there. The natives also built roads for trading networks coming from Pueblo Bonito. With a trading network, the natives needed something to trade, so craftsmen made turquoise jewelry, woven baskets, and pottery. The Anasazi native's art and architecture influenced late groups such as Hopi and Zuni. The reason for the departure of the Anasazi natives was probably because of many droughts.


The Adena natives were from the time period of 700 BC. They lived in the Ohio valley area. The crops they grew were squash, sunflowers, gourds, and barley. They also made exquisite copper jewelry and fine pottery. These people made burial mounds that were constructed with logs covered by piles of earth.


The Hopewell natives were from the time period of 300 BC and lived in the Ohio valley. The mounds they built could range in size. Some were 40 feet tall and 100 feet wide. This is how they got their name because Hopewell and Adena are referred to as "Mound Builders."


The Mississippian natives were from the time period of 800 AD and lived in the Mississippi valley. They had many plants that were used for many foods, and when they added maize and beans, there was an increase in population. This caused need for more land, and this resulted in multiple cities with as many as 10,000 people. The largest of these cities was Cahokia. In the middle of this city was a HUGE mound that was almost 100 feet high and a base of more than 14 acres,and around the bottom of this mound was 120 smaller ones. All of the Mississippi civilizations crumpled by the beginning of the 1300s AD, but they all influenced other Eastern Woodlands people through their large scale farming with beans, corn, and Mound Building.