Grasslands

By Ellie Hutchinson

Definition

Grassland Biomes are large rolling terrains of grass dominated by different species of grass, herbs and flowers. There are also shrubs and the occasional tree.

Different names of Grasslands

  • Russia- Steppes
  • USA- Prairies
  • South America- Pampas
  • Africa- Savannas
  • Australia- Savannahs or grasslands

Plant Characteristics.

Grasslands mainly contain different species of grass and shrubs with the occasional tree. Grasslands don't need a lot of water because they are quite dry, but they don't get the water either. Grasslands are large rolling terrains of grass, flowers and herbs.

Grassland Locations.

Most grasslands are located between forests and deserts. About one quarter of the earths land is grasslands and many of these lands have been turned into farms. Grasslands are open and generally flat. They exist in every continent except Antarctica. Most lie in the dry portions of the Earths interior.

Climate Characteristics.

Temperate Grasslands:

Temperate grasslands have hot summers and cold winters. Summer temperatures can be well over 37°C, while winter temperatures can be as low as -40°C.


Tropical Grasslands:

Tropical grasslands have a maximum temperature of 30°C and a minimum temperature of 12-14°C.

Animals

Animals in the Pampas:

Armadillo, opossum, fox, jaguar, llama, puma, rhea and tapir.


Animals in the Savannas:

Jackals, kudu, leopard, lion, meerkat, mongoose, oryx, ostrich and red-billed oxpecker.


Animals in the Grasslands/Savannah:

Dingo, emu, kangaroo, wallaby, wombat and horse.


Animals in the Steppes:

Golden pheasant, leopard gecko, snow leopard and vole.


Animals in the Prairie:

American toad, badger, black-footed ferret, bison, black-tailed jack rabbit, bumble bee, burrowing owl, California condor, carrion beetle, common snipe,

coyote, deer, dragonsly, eagles, eastern cottontail, elk, ferruginous hawk, fox snake, golden owl, gopher snake, grasshopper, gray wolf, ground squirrels, killdeer, lady beetle, larks, long-billled curlew, meadow vole,

northern grasshopper mouse, prairie rattlesnake, prairie skink, pronghorn antelope, stink bug, tiger beetle, western meadowlark, western tiger swallowtail, and white-tailed jack rabbit.

Recourses for people

There is grass to weave things with. There is also dirt, soil, plants, water, wood, livestock, coal and oils. We use the coal for fires and the oils for our cars.

Threats (to the worlds grasslands.)

Some threats to grasslands are global warming, development of other areas, monocropping, and coal mining expansion.

What happened to the Bison

The bison once roamed the plains in large herds. But by 1900, this animal was almost wiped out. Over 150 years ago millions of bison roamed the Great Plains. They became the symbol of the Old West. The Plains Indians hunted the bison with spears or bows and arrows. They killed only enough to serve their needs. They made use of every part of the bison. In 1860 over 50 million bison roamed the Great Plains. By 1889 only 85 bison roamed free in the US. About 200 lived in Yellowstone National Park, and 550 lived in Canada. There were 256 bison in zoos. Now, approximately 30,000 bison are alive in North America.