The Coniferous Forest
By: Bridget Philippon
Where is it? What is it like?
The air in the first is cool and moist. The winters are long and cold while the summers can get quite hot. Moisture is kept in the air through the summer from heavy rains. Due to high moisture in the air plants in the Coniferous Forest can begin photosynthesis as soon as the temperature is warm enough in the spring. The soil in the Coniferous Forest can is quite varied. It can be dry and sandy, moist, or even almost swampy. The variation in soil allows different plants to live in different parts of the forest.
Three of the main plants in the Coniferous Forest are the Eastern White Pine, Balsam Fir, and White Spruce. You can also find White-Tailed Deer, Black Bears, and Owl as common animals in the Coniferous Forest.
Relationship between Biotic and Abiotic Factors
About 2.7 million years ago there was huge glaciers that covered the area of where the Coniferous Forest is today. When the glaciers melted they left giant deposits. In the southern part of the forest the deposits were even deeper causing glacial lakes that developed at the end of the glacial period. Eventually this resulted in peatlands.
Today storms and fires can be very common in the spring/summer. They often go hand and hand. Storm will often knock down trees and branches which can eventually dry out and start on fire creating forest fires. After the fires go out new forests can grow from the ashes.