THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
Meagan, Helena, Ashlyn, Karime, Rocio
The Author of the Gospel
• The author of the Gospel of John is unknown, but is traditionally attributed to the Apostle John
• He was a Jewish Christian who was a member of the Christian community, called the Johannine community
• The sources he used are unknown and most of the material in this Gospel are unique to it
• The symbol of his gospel is the eagle, who by legend flies high enough to look directly at the sun, as Jesus, the Word of God, sees the face of the Father
WHAT'S SPECIAL ABOUT THIS GOSPEL?
• This gospel is written to a Jewish Christian community that might have possibly consisted Gentiles and Samaritans
• The approximate date of writing of this gospel was around AD 90-100
• This gospel is considered high Christology
• The image of the divine Jesus is prevalent over earthly Jesus
• The miracles of "The Wedding Feast of Cana" and "The Raising of Lazarus" are only seen in this Gospel
• The "Washing of the Feet" is only seen here as well
• The Last Supper is not the Passover meal and there is no institution of the Eucharist. The importance of the Eucharist is taught at the multiplication of the loaves and the "Bread of Life Discourse".
WHO IS JESUS IN JOHN?
• Jesus is represented as noble and powerful who is one with the Father
• He appears fully in control of his destiny, even through all the suffering of His death and Resurrection
• John's audience is asking "Where is the Risen Christ?". Therefore, John answers by telling them that Jesus is with us now in the Church and in the Sacraments.
Compare and Contrast: The Synoptic Gospels & John
• The disciples in John's Gospel know exactly who Jesus is
• Jesus does not preach in parables. Rather, He teaches by giving long theological discourses that start as dialogues and transform into monologues
• John uses metaphors and allegorical language in order to spread his message about Jesus
• The miracles in the Gospel of John are known as signs
Themes and Stories
• John shows that Jesus taught the people around Him through the accounts of the Seven Great Signs (Miracles) and the I AM statements
• The Seven Great Signs in his Gospel are the Wedding at Cana, the Cure of the Official's Son, the Cure of Man at Pool of Bethesda, the Multiplication of the Loaves, the Walking On Water, the Cure of Man Born Blind, and the Raising of Lazarus.
• All of the miracle accounts that John writes about focus on symbolic meaning, not the action itself. They symbolize a deeper truth and show a deeper reality.
• For example, when Jesus turns the water into wine, this foreshadows that Jesus will be the blood of the New Covenant
• Throughout John's Gospel, Jesus also makes "I AM" statements that show that He is truly the Son of God. An example of when He does this is when He answers the soldiers before He is arrested.
The Model Disciple
- John included a beloved disciple in his Gospel
- What is different about this disciple is that he does not have a name and to this day we are unsure of who this person actually is.
- The beloved disciple represents love.
- He was included in the Gospel of John to be compared to Peter
- Peter represents authority.
- The beloved disciple was always on Jesus' side and he knew that who Jesus really was, the Son of God and Peter did not come to the conclusion the Jesus was the Son of God
- They were both compared to show that love will always beat authority and love will always be first.
Harrington, Wilfrid J. John - Spiritual Theologian: The Jesus of John. Blackrock, Co. Dublin: Columba, 2007. Print.
Ralph, Margaret Nutting. The New Testament: The Good News of Jesus Christ. Winona, MN.: Saint Marys, 2012. Print