Sigmund Freud

By Dean Gray


Sigmund or Sigismund Schlomo Freud was born the first of eight children by Jewish Galician parents. He was born in what is now the Czech Republic on May 6, 1856. When he was four years old his family moved to Vienna. His father was a wool merchant but was known for his Torah study. His family was struggling financially and lived in a rented home. although, he was his mother's "golden boy" and was treated better than the other six Freud children. He had his own room and the family's only gas lamp while the rest of the Freud's used candles to read by.
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Frued Family ( Sigmund the first man from the left standing )

Interested in Science

Freud was a good student throughout school and ambitious. But, medicine and law were the professions then open to Jewish men, so in 1873 he entered the University of Vienna medical school. He was interested in all that science was, and the idea of practicing medicine was extremely distasteful for him. He hoped to go into neurophysiological research, but it was hard to manage unless you were rich. Plus, he was engaged to Martha Burnays and needed to money before he could marry and start a family.


Sigmund was an early user and proponent of cocaine. He thought of it as a stimulant and as a painkiller. He thought it was a cure for many mental and physical problems. One thought it was the cure for morphine addiction. And even recommended the use to one of his friends who had a bad morphine addiction. Also, Nazi Germany annexed Austria, which caused many violent outburst but Freud refused to leave Vienna. But, Earnest Jones the President of the IPA flew to Vienna from London to get Sigmund to change his mind and leave Vienna. Also he was a heavy smoker and was diagnosed with epithelioma. But, his doctor that operated on Sigmund didn't tell him that he had cancer because he thought he might commit suicide.

How he shaped history

"Sigmund Freud explored the human mind more thoroughly than any other who became before him. His contributions to psychology are vast. Freud was one of the most influential people of the twentieth century and his enduring legacy has influenced not only psychology, but art, literature and even the way people bring up their children. Freud’s lexicon has become embedded within the vocabulary of western society. Words he introduced through his theories are now used by everyday people, such as anal (personality), libido, denial, repression, cathartic, Freudian slip, and neurotic."

He was the considered the father of psychoanalysis. These are some the things he is most known for: Theory of Psycho-sexual Development, The Id, Ego, and Superego, Dream interpretation, Free association. his work supported the belief that not all mental illnesses have causes that are physiological and he offered evidence that cultural differences have an impact on behavior as well as psychology.

His work contributed to societies understanding of personality, clinical psychology, human development and abnormal psychology. He was awarded the Goethe Prize 1930 for his contributions to psychology and to German literary culture. Which was his highest his most pristine award in his life span.

Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalysis