Elements of ART
Mark Tobey, Calligraphy in White, Oil on Canvas, 1957
Form describes a three-dimensional object.
Hue is the name of a color.
side by side on the wheel (harmonious)
colors opposite on the wheel (high-contrast)
one color plus the colors on either side of complement
subjective - expressive color
Matisse, Woman with a Hat, Oil on canvas, 1905
local - natural color
Vermeer, Girl with a Pearl Earring, Oil on canvas, 1665
monochromatic - one hue
Picasso, the Old Guitarist, Oil on canvas, 1903
Light is the radiant energy which makes everything we see visible, revealing the form of an object.
areas where light is hitting
areas where light does not hit
the arrangement of light and shadows "modeling" or "shading" (value study by Michelangelo)
Meret Oppenheim, Object, 1936, Fur covered cup, saucer, and spoon
Janet Fish, Oranges, 1972, Pastel on sandpaper.
use of actual texture to create implied texture
Romare Bearden, Tomorrow I May be Far Away, 1966, Collage with charcoal and graphite on canvas
WAYS TO SHOW SPACE:
1. linear perspective - lines coverge on vanishing point to imply depth
2. atmospheric perspective - foreground objects are more detailed, larger, have more contrast; background is grayed, smaller, and less detailed
3. aerial - above looking down
4. worms - below looking up
5. size or scale change (larger in front, smaller in back)
6. position in picture plane (high or low)
9. warm and cool colors have spatial qualities (warm advance, cool recede)
Perugino, Christ Handing the Key to Saint Peter, Fresco
Durand, The Catskills, Oil on canvas
what do you see being used in this painting?
Bellows, Cliff Dwellers, Oil on canvas