Top 5 Innovations

Prior to the Civil War (1800-1860)

Mineral-Based Economy

Coal and metal replaced steam engines and water as the main source of industrial power, badly affecting the air quality in urbanized areas.

Interchangeable Gun Parts

Eli Whitney first invented 10 guns with interchangeable parts. This was a beginning to a great innovation for the military. Whitney's idea created easier and more productive ways to mass produce and repair guns.