Lev Vygotsky

Kiana Johnson


  • Stress the fundamental role of social interaction in the development of cognition Vygotsky

Pros & Cons


*Imaginary substitutions help children separate thinking from objective.

*Rules strengthen capacity to think before acting

*Helps children understand social norms & expectation


-Little scientific to support or contradict the concept

-A lot of emphasis on social interaction & culture that many others aspects for development are missed

-No full explanation for development problems & individual difference

General Information

  • Community plays a central role in this process
  • Argues, that "learning is a necessary and universal aspect of the process of developing culturally organized, specifically human psychological function"
  • Vygotsky has developed a socio-cultural approach to cognitive development
  • Developed his theory around the same time Jean Piaget was starting to develop his theories
  • Application of the Social Development Theory to Instructional Design
  • The effectiveness of Social Development Theory in achieving its Goal

Classroom Applied

  • Hints & prompts that helped children during assessment could form basis of instructional activities
  • High School. laboratory science class a teacher might give student details guides to carrying out experiment, then give them a brief outlines that they might use to structure experiments, & then ask them to set up a experiment

Today In Classrooms

  • Yes, vygotsky does still exist and some of today classrooms