Whales

By: Mikaela Mookini

What is a whale?

Whales are Ceteceans. Ceteceans have two sub catagories, baleen and toothed. All dolphins are whales but not all whales are dolphins.
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Beluga Whale

Name

Common Name - Beluga whale or White Whale

Scientific Name - Delphinapterus leucas

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Range

Beluga whales live in artic oceans coastal waters and sometimes found in sub-artic waters. They migrate southward during the winter because the sea freezes over. Animals trapped in the ice die or became prey for polar bears, killer whales and Artic people.
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Appearance

Beluga whales are known for their color. Calves are born grey or light brown, but bleach out as they mature. Beluga whales can reach up to 3000 lbs and 14-20 ft long. They have a life span of 35-50 years. They have no dorsal fin and rounded foreheads. They live in large family pods and are very social and vocal animals.
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Diet

Beluga whales feed on fish, crustaceans, and worms.
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Threats

In the north, they are hunted by Artic people and commercial fisherman to near extinction.
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Random Facts

  • They are heavier than pianos but short than a school bus
  • They have a layer of blubber five inches thick
  • They have flexible necks allowing them to turn their heads in all directions