Persian Wars

Persian Empire

The first battle, Battle of Marathon, Persians vs Greece, and Greeks won. When the Greeks won a messenger ran from Marathon to Athens (26 miles). He said with "Rejoice! We conquered." Than the exhausted runner fell to the ground and died.

The second battle was Thermopylae, Persians vs Sparta, and Persians won. After winning the battle the Persians swept into Athens attacking and burning the city.

The third battle was, Salamis, Persians vs Greece, Greeks won. The Persians had so many ships that they couldn't steer well in the narrow strait. As a result, the smaller Athenian boats easily sank many Persian ships. Those ships that were not destroyed soon returned home.

The final battle was, Plataea, Persians vs Greece, Greeks won. This battle ended the Persian Wars. For the Persians this defeat was humiliating, but it was not a major blow. For the Greeks, the defeat of the Persians was a Triumph. They saved their homeland.

King Leonidas of Sparta and a force of 300 men fight the Persians at Thermopylae in 480 B.C.

What were the Persians Wars?

The Persian Wars started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC.