Albany Times

Feburary, 18, 1853

Textile Industries

When our country first began, the superiority of the people made goods such as cloth by hand. Recently, Englishman Richard Arkwright has invented a wonderful new device that has tremendously improved the textile industry. Now, the water frame, Arkwright’s brilliant discovery, has merchants hiring people to work in newly built mills. Instead of hand spinning cloth, the water frame can spin several threads at once. The textile industry has now been greatly improved.

An interview with Samuel Slater

On February 2nd, Samuel Slater was asked a couple of questions about his work. One of the questions that he was asked was,

“Why did you leave Great Britain?” His answer was,

“Because, in Britain to protect the British industry, the British parliament had made it illegal for skilled mechanics or machine plans to leave the country." Another question that he was asked was,

“Why did Moses Brown have one of his workers test your knowledge?” This was his answer: “I claimed that I could improve the way textiles were manufactured in the United States”. The last questions he was asked was,

“How many textile mills do you have?” His answer was,

“I had about 13 textile mills."

Samuel Slater is a very honorable man, due to his amazing accomplishments in his career.

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Help Wanted!

The spread of mills has helped open many job opportunities for families of all sort to work in the mills for Samuel Slater. Slater provides home bunkers, many small shops, and even a local grocery store to meet all of your families needs! If you and your family are interested in employment, please attend the meeting at City Hall this Tuesday at 6:00 pm.

New ways to travel

A new way of transportation had cut travel time in half. First tested by Robert Fulton, the Clermont, a full-sized commercial steamboat, has become a star of the water; traveling upstream, and has increased trade and profits. Goods can be moved more quickly, and cheaply.

The transportation revolution is a period of rapid growth in the speed and convenience of travel because of new methods of transportation. The transportation revolution has created a boom in business by reducing shipping time and cost. These improvements were made possible by two new forms of transportation; the steamboat and the steam powered trains. Steamboats and railroads affect the trade and change of our daily lives by enabling food, people, and information to travel quickly and efficiently across the United States.

Most British railroads run on straight flat land, but in the United States, many railroads have to go up and down many steep mountains.

New communication device!

The telegraph is a new device that can send information over wires across great distances. It sends pulses, or surges of electric current through a wire. Invented by Samuel B. F. Morse, the telegraph can succeed the time and effort in a handwritten letter. Using Morse Code, different combinations of dots and dashes that represent each letter of the alphabet, you can send a message to a friend quickly. So, if you want to cut your communication time in half, purchase the telegraph!

Factories

Factory owners are now starting to use steam power allowing business owners to build factories almost everywhere. Some companies decided to build their factories closer to the city which has improved easier access to workers which has lowered wages. It has also reduced shipping costs.

Protesters rise against low wages and long hours

Recently, trade unions, groups that try to improve pay and working conditions, have begun to protest for higher pay to the employees. So far, the managers have not listened to the unions, so workers, frustrated by the situation are going on strike, those who refuse to work until employers meet their demands.

“This problem is getting out of hand. I don’t know if I can take the loss of so many employees.” Says Overseer John White. Others, like White feel that though, they do not want to raise workers pay, they don’t want the strikes to continue.

The main leader of the union, Sarah G. Bagley, has currently created the Lowell Female Labor Reform Association, and is pressing for 10-hour workdays as oppose to the 12 to 14 hour days that women usually work. Like Bagley, many of the protesters feel that the workdays should be shortened.

New equipment improves farming

Cyrus McCormick has developed a new harvesting machine, the mechanical reaper, which has been quickly and efficiently been cutting down wheat. He has begun mass producing his reapers in a Chicago factory. Alongside McCormick, John Deere has invented a steel plow, claimed to 'go through thick soil like butter'. The invention created by Deere also can be used many times without having to be cleaned. Thanks to this new and improved equipment, hopefully the farming industry will become easier and less labor intensive for the farmers.
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Farmer can be seem easily plowing his fields with the new steel plow.

Sale! Buy new and improved sewing machine

First invented by Elias Howe, the sewing machine has been improved by Issac Singer, and is better than ever!

Come to Singer's Sewing and experience the luxury of the new machine!

Only $79.99 from the original $100!

Editorial: This week's Honorable Citizen is Eli Whitney

Eli Whitney is a mastermind, coming up with interchangeable parts and mass production! Recently, Whitney has spoken to President John Adams, and showed him and his Secretary of War the intriguing truth about interchangeable parts. Whitney came ready with an array of ten different parts for guns, and presented them to Adams. Quickly, and amazingly, Whitney put together the guns into different muskets while still using the same parts for each different gun. Showing Adams a few times, Whitney has proved the wonderful idea of interchangeable parts, while helping speed up Whitney's other admirable idea, mass production.