Principles of The Constitution

By Bradley Clough

Popular Sovreignty

"We The People" give power to the government.


Example - When people vote, they are giving authority to the government such as when the 19th Amendment was added.


Constitution - ‘‘We the people of the United States . . . do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.’’

Republicanism

People elect representetives chosen by themselves.


Example - when we vote we choose leaders that we want.


Constitution - " The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."

Federalism

Division between state and national government ranks.


Example - Texas can decide it's own marriage laws not the national government.


Constitution - "No state shall sign any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility."

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Seperation of Powers

Division of power in the national government into 3 branches: Judicial, Executive, and Legislative.


Example - In Articals 1,2, and 3, The Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches are assigned their duties and powers.


Constitution - "All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives."

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Checks and Balances

Each branch of the government can check the other branches.


Example - when the president vetoes a bill from congress.


Costitution - "Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill."

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Limited Government

This is where the government's power is limited to be equal to the people.


Example - the government can not let soldiers quarter in your house.


Constitution - "The Migration or Importation of any persons of the States shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person."

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Individual Rights

Unalienable rights that every person recieves.


Example. - the right to vote


Constitution - "A writ of habeas corpus is a legal action against unlawful detainment that commands a law enforcement agency or other body that has a person in custody to have a court inquire into the legality of the detention."

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