The 19th Century

The 19th Century Background Info

  • In the early 1800's the Industrial Revolution was sweeping America.
  • With the growth of factories came new demands. Because more workers were needed, immigrants began pouring into the country.
  • Because of low wages, many factory workers could not afford decent housing.
  • Tenements- apartment complexes with minimum standards, safety, and comfort.
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The Romantic Revival

  • Ancient Greece, medieval Europe, and Renaissance Italy as sources of inspiration.
  • Greek Revival Styles
-Typical characteristics of the Greek Revival style include:
-a two story rectangular house with symmetrically placed windows. A gable roof, pilasters on the corners of frame houses or across the whole front, elaborate entrances, columns supporting a small or large porch
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Victorian

  • Victorian architecture dates from the second half of the 19th century, when america was exploring new approaches to building and design.
  • There are a variety of Victorian styles , including: Second Empire, Italianate, Stick, and Queen Anne.
  • Advancements in machine technology meant that Victorian-era builders could easily incorporate mass-produced ornamentation such as: brackets, spindles, and patterned shingles.
  • The last true Victorians were constructed in the early 1900s.
  • contemporary builders often borrow Victorian ideas,designing eclectic "neo-Victorians."
  • These homes combine modern materials with 19th century details,such as curved towers and spindled porches
  • A number of Victorian styles are recreated on the fanciful "main street" at Disney theme parks in Florida, California, and Europe.
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