Democratizing the DBQ
A System-wide Approach to Historical Thinking
- All students need to learn how to think.
- Learning to think requires practice.
- Clear thinking is hard work.
- Thinking is clarified by writing.
- Thinking is for everyone.
Why Do a Document-Based Question?
1.Content- Dig Deep into content
2.Improve Literacy (Reading and Writing - that is what historians do)
3.Inquiry Skills (Critical Thinking, Reading, Writing, Analysis, Debate, map, chart, visual observations, graphs)
4.Evaluation (best practice)-Evidence- Student writing
Why Democratize the DBQ?
•If every student writes four essays a year from 6-11th grade- by the time of senior year, that equals 24 expository essays.
•Next year all Government classes will write 2 essays- brings essay total to 26.
•By the time of 10th grade AP World History – every student has written 16 essays.
Create rubric the students can understand
Student friendly words-
Let students have input to develop the rubric for writing an essay.
A great source is Rubistar.com to create a rubric.
Student Writing Conferences
What do Students think? Where do they see themselves?
Have students RAINBOW EDIT their own papers
Thesis/Topic Sentence in BLUE
Evidence in GREEN
Argument in ORANGE
Strategies To Try
Pre-Write, Free-Write, Quick-Write
Big Picture Question
You Be the Judge!