How a Bill Becomes a Law
Maddie Mills and Kamila Kuchta (Hour 2)
The bill is referred to the appropriate committee by the Speaker of the House or the presiding officer in the Senate
-Committees choose which bills will or will not have the chance to become law
-The committee system is the only practical way for Congress to operate because no lawmaker can possibly know the details of each of the bills introduced
-House and Senate members make up the committees
-Members are either appointed or elected
Steps in Committee
- Bills are assigned to subcommittees
- Subcommittees report their findings to the full committee
- Voting is done by the full committee
- Pass, Kill, Ignore, Replace, or "mark-up" the bill. ("Mark-Up"- a session to make revisions and additions)
- In the House, most bills go to the Rules committee before reaching the floor
- Floor Debate
- Voting (both the house and the senate must approve the bill)
- Presidential Action (If a bill is NOT signed by the President, his veto can be overridden by a 2/3 vote in both the Senate and The House.)
Kinds of Committees
A temporary committee formed to study one specific issue and report its findings to the Senate or the House.
A committee of the House and the Senate that usually acts as a study group and reports its findings backs to the House and the Senate.
A temporary join committee set up when the House and the Senate have passed different versions of the same bill.