Mycenaeans

By: Katelyn Manfre and Paige Norman

Time Period

  • 1600- 1100 BCE in Greece during the Bronze Age
  • There cities were located throughout mainland Greece, with Mycenae as the leading city and other city states such as the Achaean Crete, Athens, Iolkos, Laconia, and Phthia. Mycenae was the central place in which villages and settlements surrounded it.

Social Structure

  • Within each village, Mycenaeans were expected to pay taxes in crops and produce.
  • In social classes, the King was at the top. Underneath the king was the Lawageta, the leader of the army. Then came the Telestas, the religious officials, and then the military/calvarly class. The bottom two were the Quasireu, who were the workers, and then the slaves.

Religion

  • Mycenaeans were polytheistic.
  • They believed in the Greek deities.
  • The most popular deity of Myceaneans was Poseidon, the God of The Sea. Other Gods they believed in was the Lady Of Labyrinth, Diwia, Zeus, Ares, Hermes, Athena, Artemis, Dionysus, and Eryina.
  • Although we don't know much about how they practiced this religion, few temples and shrines have been found to show where it could have taken place.

Government

  • During this time period, Mycenaeans ruled Greece. Their people were warriors who who established monarchies to rule their kingdoms.
  • Their was a king in each city state that retained their political power for life. The people who lived in the villages outside of the capital city had to pay taxes to the king, follow the rules made by him, and depend on him for their defense. The king relied on the military to help enforce these rules.

Writing System/Primary Source

  • The writing system used in this civilization was called Linear B, dating back all the way to 1450 BC.
  • Within Linear B, around 85 syllabic symbols and 100 ideographic signs are used.
  • Linear B has no phonetic value and is not used in sentences.
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Contributions

  • Many Greek Mythologies were found in the Mycenaeans civilization such as Homers Epics.
  • Mycenaeans also adopted the numeration and measurement system of Minoan Crete that helped the control of production and trade.

Chariot Krater

With pottery being a big part of the people, this vase shows the tradition of Myceanean chariot representations. On the design two males are dressed in robes, standing in a chariot with horses beside. Vases were a big thing in the Cypriot market and were given to the wealthy social classes.

Gold Mask

This artifact is a mask made of gold that was laid over the deceased king in Mycenae. This piece was found by the archeologist Heinrich Schliemann in the 19th century in Mycenae.

Funeral Diadem

This gold crown like piece was found at tomb III, a Royal Grave Circle.

It was on the head of the buried Mycenean Princess.

Gold Cup

The gold cup was an artifact that has lead historians to the belief of the Trojan War. It was found in Vafeio and shows domestication of wild bulls that took place in the Mycenaeans.