Digital Literacy

Kaity Rechenmacher

Security and Privacy

What is security and privacy?

Two main issues in today's society is security and privacy for ourselves, including our devices. Computer security references to the intrusion of others to your devices. Computer privacy retains to how many and which companies you have given your information to. This flyer will give a loose explanation of what threats there are and what measures to take to avoid them.

Natural Threats

While we all love the elements of nature, our devices don't and they can cause a lot more problems then we could think. Natural occurring events such as flooding, lightning, and earthquakes can lead to other disasters like fires, extreme temperatures and even electrical power surges. These things can cause damage and loss of data, encouraging hackers to easily gain access to all your personal information and files.

Measures for Protection---

Backup Data- making sure to backup your data on a consistent basis could ultimately save all of your information you have saved on your computer and life.

Install Protective Electrical Devices- theses devises, such as the Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) can save your battery or help provide a charge if a power surge were to come through. However, during a major storm you should turn off your device, for the sake of its safety.

Insulate devices from fire- make sure to place device in fire retardant surroundings. This should, in theory, protect your device and your personal information.

Maintain appropriate temperatures and humidity- maintaining average temperature and humidity is important to the life of your device. If consistently exposed to extreme temperatures and always in heavy humidity, this can cause multiple malfunctions and ultimately shorten the life of your device drastically.

Humans can be a threat to our computer security too....

What can we do to avoid human threats?

Humans can have malicious intent upon each other. One way of using that intent is to hack into our systems and do as they please, since they have passed through the security gate. Hackers can can do anything from stealing identity to deleting data to being an online predator.

You can avoid these things by storing your data safely, and backing it up.

Installing antivirus and antispyware programs to protect you from viruses and any type pf spyware.

Install a firewall to help prevent hackers from entering your systems and security. This acts as a huge brick wall, making an obstacle for hackers.

And finally, keep your computer in a safe environment. Meaning, don't leave it outing the open, and definitely don't leave it with people you don't think you can trust. Limiting the number of individuals that have access to your files, can prevent the number of incidences of hacking.

What about stuff accidentally downloaded from online?

When you are on the Internet, the biggest security risk to your computer comes from downloaded viruses and hackers. Often times, threats such as these can be greatly reduced by simply making sure your security settings are correct and that your software for security is up to date. Another method is to make sure you have a secure firewall established. This will protect you from files accidentally downloaded such as malware or spyware.

Updated software and firewalls can also protect you from online preditors...

Parents can take action to protect their child by securing all systems and software, keeping updated security systems and limit the amount of people allowed to access the device the child is using. Email, and IM transactions, and especially online privacy will also be ensured secure by using the above methods.