The Aegean Sea

Keely Schuck Hour 5


The Aegean Sea is bordering the southern part of Europe. You can find it in between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas and the mainlands of Greece and Turkey. It is also a drainage basin for rivers in Serbia, Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia, and Albania.


The Aegean Sea contains over 83,000 square kilometers in area. It is also 11,624 feet deep when measured at it's maximum depth.

Physical Characteristics

Animal and Marine Life:

The most notable type of creatures living in the Aegean Sea are the fish. One of the most well known types of fish found there are the Blennioidei and this is because they have bulgy eyes, a long dorsal fin, and are not shy so they swim with people. They also have two types of extremely aggressive eels. Additionally, there are sea urchins, squid, and sponges.


Much of the vegetation in the Aegean Sea consists of algae, kelp, and eel grass. The eel grass especially provides much of the shelter for the creatures living there as it grows up to one meter in height.


In the Aegean Sea, the longest season are summer and winter while autumn and spring are much shorter and mainly transitional. The topography of the sea and the land around it make the weather highly variable. The wind there however is usually consistent and it is cold, dry, and reaches gale force especially during July and August.

Human Characteristics

Human-Made Features:

There are not any major human-made features in the Aegean Sea, but there still are some including the Ancient Towers of the Aegean Sea. These consist of numerous towers scattered across the islands as well as the mainland that were built in the third and fourth centuries. There are also many bridges and other building that have been constructed.


There are several languages that the people living in and around the Aegean Sea speak. These include Greek, Turkish, Bulgarian, French, and English.


In the area of the Aegean Sea that borders Greece, the main religion is Eastern Orthodoxism but there is also Hellenic Paganism, Catholicism, and Islam. In the area that borders Turkey, the main religion is Sunni Islam but there are also others such as Alevi.

Political System:

Both Greece and Turkey have a parliamentary representative democratic republic as their form of government.

Economic Activities:

People make a living in and near the Aegean Sea in many different ways. Because off he expansive marine life, many people make a living by fishing or selling fish. They also makes living by mining petroleum because of the vast amounts of it in the sea.

Population Distribution:

Because there are countries around he Aegean Sea, and islands inside of it, most of he people who live in se areas live among the coast and the population is more dense there. This is because people can make money off of the resources that lie within the sea.

Natural Resources

The Aegean Sea and the land in and bordering it have many natural resources. However, he resources that they have are scarce, especially in Greece. The major resources include petroleum, marble, coal, iron ore, and copper.


Overall, the human and physical geography of the Aegean Sea is very connected.It has affected where people settle because they move to the coast where natural resources and job opportunities are plenty such as fish and petroleum. This has caused major cities to spring up near it such as Athens, Thessaloniki, and Kavala. In conclusion, both the human and physical geography of this landform are very connected.