Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the insulin production is inadequate or the body cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. It is also known as Diabetes Mellitus.
Fast facts on Diabetes
· Diabetes is a long-term condition that causes high blood sugar levels.
· Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are Type 1 Diabetes, in which the body doesn’t produce enough insulin.
· Approximately 90% of all diabetes cases are Type 2 Diabetes, in which the body doesn’t produce enough insulin for function properly.
· Type 2 Patients need to maintain their diabetic health by eating healthily, undergoing regular check-ups and be physically active.
· Diabetes patients are at higher risk of cardiovascular diseases.
· Diabetics should quit smoking as it can have serious effects on their cardiovascular health.
Types of Diabetes
1. Type 1 Diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, the body doesn’t produce insulin. People usually develop type 1 before their 40s.
2. Type 2 Diabetes
In type 2 diabetes, the body doesn’t produce enough insulin for proper functioning. Over-weight and obese people are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those with ideal body weight.
people usually develop type 2 when they get older.
3. Gestational diabetes
This type of diabetes develops in females during their pregnancy. Some women have very high levels of glucose. When their bodies unable to transport glucose into their cells, then gestational diabetes develops due to rising levels of glucose.
1. Frequent urination
2. Excessive thirst
3. Weight loss
5. Lack of concentration
6. Blurred vision
7. Vomiting and stomach pain
8. Frequent infections
9. Slow-healing wounds
10. Increased hunger
11. Tingle sensation in the hands and feet
If you notice these signs and symptoms, visit your nearest diabetes clinic for detailed consultation with a health professional.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that you cannot treat on your own. You doctor can help you make an effective diabetes treatment plan that may include regular diabetes check-ups, diabetes diet and medications.