Green Sea Turtle

By: Amanda Taylor


The Green Sea Turtle is an critically endangered species who is found in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Sponges make up about 60% of their diet but it eats jelly fish and other small fish and occasionally plants.The turtle's appearance is similar to that of other marine turtles. It has a generally flattened body shape, a protective shell and flipper-like arms, adapted for swimming in the open ocean. Green sea turtles have a serrated beak for tearing vegetation. Their vegetarian diet gives their fat a greenish color, which is how the green sea turtle got its name.


They mate biannually in secluded lagoons off their nesting beaches in remote islands throughout their range. After mating, females drag their heavy bodies high onto the beach during the night. They clear an area of debris and dig a nesting hole using their rear flippers. The female then lays a clutch of eggs and covers them with sand. Nests normally contain around 140 eggs. After the hours-long process, the female then returns to the sea.

The baby turtles, usually weighing less than 24 grams (0.85 oz) hatch at night after around two months. They instinctively walk into the sea, attracted by the reflection of the moon on the water (possibly disrupted by light sources such as street lamps and lights). While they emerge under the cover of darkness, baby turtles that do not reach the water by daybreak are preyed upon by birds, crabs, and other predators.

green sea turtles birth