Spanish 1 and 2 Review

Nathan B, Conner A, Bailey A, Rafay A

Greetings

Hello or Hi - ¡Hola!

Good Morning - ¡Buenos días!

Good Afternoon - ¡Buenas tardes!

Good Evening or Good Night - ¡Buenas noches!

How are you (singular casual term)? - ¿Cómo estás?

How are you (singular formal term)? - ¿Cómo está?

How are you (plural) : ¿Como están?

Fine, thanks - Bien, gracias.

So, So - Más o menos

And you - ¿Y usted?

I'm sorry. - Lo siento

Good-bye- Adiós

See you later! - ¡Hasta luego!

I'll be seeing you... - Nos vemos

See you tomorrow - Hasta mañana

Please - Por favor

Thanks very much - Muchas gracias

You're welcome - De nada

Nice to meet you - Encantado

Bless you - ¡Salud!


Months, Days, Seasons

Days:


Domingo- Sunday

Lunes- Monday

Martes- Tuesday

Mircoles- Wednesday

Jueves- Thursday

viernes- Friday

sabado- Saturday


Months:


enero- January

febrero- Febuary

marzo- March

abril- April

mayo- May

junio- June

julio- July

agosto- August

septiembre- September

octobre- October

noviembre- November

diciembre- December


Seasons:


la primavera- spring

el verano- summer

el otoño- autumn

el invierno- winter




Telling time

When telling time the verb ser is used to express the time of day. Use es when referring to "one o'clock" and use son when referring to all other hours.

Ex: Es la una.

It's one o'clock.

Son las dos.

It's two o'clock.


Minutes can be added to the hour using the word y

Es la una y cinco.

It's five minutes past one.


Son las tres y doce.

It's twelve minutes past three.


Minutes can be subtracted from the hour using the word menos. Ex:


Es la una menos cinco.

It's five minutes till one.


Son las tres menos doce.

It's twelve minutes till three.



You can also use the words media (half) and cuarto (quarter). Ex:

Es la una y media.

It's half past one.


Son las dos y cuarto.

It's quarter past two.


Son las tres menos cuarto.

It's quarter till three.



Classroom vocab

bathroom: el baño

entrance: la entrada

room: el cuarto

ceiling: el techo

door: la puerta

electrical socket: el enchufe

floor: el suelo

lamp: la lámpara

light: la luz

mirror: el espejo

roof: el tejado

sink: el fregadero

stairs: la escalera, las escaleras

wall: la pared

window: la ventana

chair: la silla

drawers: la cómoda

couch, sofa: el sofá,

vacuum cleaner: la aspiradora


extra curricular activities

Club de espanol- Spanish club

Club de teatro- Theatre club

Club de arte- Art club

Anuario- Yearbook

Consejo estudiantil- Student council

Banda- Band

Coro- Choir

Orquesta- Orchestra

Fútbol americano- Football

Voleí bol- Volleyball

Animadora- Cheerleading

Equipo de baile- Dance team

Equipo de natación- Swim team

Basquetbol- Basketball

Béisbol- Baseball

Tenis- Tennis

Fútbol- Soccer



Dates

To say the date you need to include the day, month and the year.

Today's date would be: hoy es lunes, el 9 de septiembre

The order is day, number day, then year.

Today is: hoy es

Tomorrow is: Mañana es

Today is Monday, December 9: hoy es lunes, el 9 de diciembre


Numbers

First you learn 1-20

1-uno

2-dos

3-tres

4-cuatro

5-cinco

6-seis

7-siete

8-ocho

9-nueve

10-diez

11-once

12-doce

13-trece

14-catorce

15-quince

16-dieciseis

17-diecisiete

18-dieciocho

19-diecinueve

20-veinte

For numbers between 20-29 you add veinte y (number)

Ex.veinte y tres

For 30-39 you say treinta y (number)

For 40-49 you say cuarenta y (number)

For 50-59 you say cincuenta y (number)

For 60-69 you say sesenta y (number)

For 70-79 you say setenta y (number)

For 80-89 you say ochenta y (number)

For 90-99 your say noventa y (number)

100-cien

For multiple hundreds you write the number and add cientos after

Ex

300- trescientos

Then you just add the next two digits after a space

Ex

321-trescientos veinte y uno

673-seiscientos setenta y tres

For thousands you say (first digit) mil

You always say mil after the first digit

1000-mil

2000-dos mil

3000-tres mil

Etc...

Then you just add on the rest of the digits just like before.


Grammar

Present tence:

ar: o, a, as, amos, ais, an

ir: o, e, es, imos, is, en

er: o, e, es, emos, eis, en


3. ESTAR : to be

Yo: estoy Nosotros: estamos

Tú: estás Vosotros: estáis

Ella: está Ellos: están

4. IR : to go

Yo: voy Nosotros: vamos

Tú: vas Vosotros: vais

Ella: va Ellos: van

8. SER : to be

Yo: soy Nosotros: somos

Tú: eres Vosotros: sois

Ella: es Ellos: son

4. Dar: to give

Yo: di Nosotros: dimos

Tú: dios Vosotros: disteis

Ella: dio Ellos: dieron

4. Ver : to see

Yo: vi Nosotros: vimos

Tú: viste Vosotros: visteis

Ella: vio Ellos: vieron



refllexive verbs:

To say people do something for themselves, you use reflexive verbs. You know that a verb is reflexive if it's infinitive form ends in "se" like "lavarse".

Example: ( I wash my hair ) me lavo el pero

( they dress them self ) ellos se visten


yo: me

tu: te

el: se

nostotros: nos

vosotros: os

ellos: se

watch out because some might not be reflexive like

Lavo el coche a menudo ( wash the car by hand)


3 verbs: Gustar, Saber, Conocer

Gustar ( when saying you like something or someone else likes something)

saber and conocer ( when saying that you know something or someoone else knows something)

examples gustar:

ex1: Me gusto ir la playa con mi familia.

ex2: Mi mama le gusta cocinar tacos

Saber and Conocer

To say that one is or not with a person, a place, or an object, use conocer.

Yo no conozco a María.

I don't know (am not with) Maria.


Alberto y Alfredo conocen Madrid.

Alberto and Alfredo know (are with) Madrid.


To express knowledge of a fact or information about something, use saber.


Juan sabe donde está María.

Juan knows where Maria is.


Yo no sé tu número de teléfono.

I don't know your telephone number.


DOPS

The direct object answers the question "what?" or "whom?" with regard to what the subject of the sentence is doing.

me (me)

te (you)

lo, la (him, her)


nos (we)

os (ya'll)

los, las (them)


Tengo = I have

Tengo la pluma. = I have the pen.

La tengo. = I have it.


IOPS

The indirect object answers the question "To whom?" or "For whom?" the action of the verb is performed.

Juan me compra un regalo.

John for me he buys a gift.


Adjetives

When you have an adjective it always follows the noun if you are describing something.

The correct form of the adjective depends upon the noun it modifies. Is the noun masculine or feminine? Singular or plural?

Such as saying:

Maria has a black car

María tenía un carro de negro.

libro rojo

red book

pluma roja

red pen

libros rojos

red books

plumas rojas

red pens


Affermitive and Negative Words

alguno- someone

nada- nothing

nunca- never

siempre- always

tambien- also

nadie- no one nobody

algun- some

ningún- no

algo- something

tampoco- neither

alguien- someone, somebody


Comparisons

más (menos) + adjective + que

más (menos) + adverb + que

más (menos) + noun + que

Tú eres más alto que yo.

You are taller than I.

Mónica habla más rápido que Carmen.

Monica speaks more faster than Carmen.

Tengo menos libros que Arsenio.

I have fewer books than Arsenio.


Demostritive Adjetives

Spanish has three words where English only has two. In English, say "this" or "that". In Spanish, "this" and "that," but there is another, "that one over there." This form is used when the object is far away.

este libro (this book)

estos libros (these books)

esta pluma (this pen)

estas plumas (these pens)


ese libro (that book)

esos libros (those books)

esa pluma (that pen)

esas plumas (those pens)


aquel libro (that book over there)

aquellos libros (those books over there)

aquella pluma (that pen over there)

aquellas plumas (those pens over there)



Stem changers

Sites: Thank you

Studyspanish.com

Google.com/images