Australia

Facts

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Australia Facts:

Australia is estimated to be 7,692,024 square Kilometers and the sixth largest nation after Russia, Canada, China, the United States of America and Brazil, however, a relatively small population. Australia is the only nation to govern an entire continent and its outlying islands.

Australia is an island continent, very big, Queensland Tropical, desert in the middle of Australia. Beautiful beaches, snow in the winter in the mountains, in Victoria and New South Wales. We have problems with bushfires in the summer.


Ausrtalia & Baltic countrys

The first migrants to come to Australia in 1946, were Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians. It was called the Baltic Experiment. Australia had the 'white Australia Policy'. Only white people allowed to settle in Australia. They were Baltic refugees, displaced by World War 11. They settled in Australia very well, soon learnt English, and were liked by the Australian people. They were called 'The beautiful Balts'. Maybe you can say, that we have had Estonian backpackers stay with us.


Kangaroos

The great kangaroos are the largest living marsupials in the world and are found only in Australia. Like most marsupials, kangaroos give birth to small premature young. The "Joey"(baby) finds its way into the pouch and remains there for about 235 days. The largest are the red kangeroos, found in the open inland plain. The long, strong tail is used as a balance when hopping and as a prop when resting. Kangaroos are ground feeders eating various kinds of grasses and small plants.


Uluru

Uluru is better known as Ayers Rock; it named by William Gosse in 1873 after Sir Henry Ayers. Uluru is the Aboriginal and official name. The rock was created over some 600 million years, and the Aborigines have been in the area for the last 10,000 years. It originally sat at the bottom of a sea, but today stands 348m above ground. One of the most startling Uluru facts however, is that some 2.5kms of its bulk is underground. Uluru lies west of the Simpson Desert, not far from the ‘Red Centre’ of Australia, about 335kms southwest of Alice Springs (as the crow flies) and 463kms by road. Contrary to popular belief, it isn’t the biggest monolith in the world; Mount Augustus in Western Australia holds that title.

Uluru is…

  • 348 metres (1141 feet) high
  • 3.6 km long (2.2 miles)
  • 1.9 km wide (1.2 miles)
  • 9.4 km or 5.8 miles around the base
  • covers 3.33 km2 (1.29 miles2)
  • extends about several km/miles into the ground (no-one knows exactly how far)
  • 862.5 metres above sea level