Green Revolution

By: Elliot Taylor

Causes and Results


  • British were more occupied with WW2 than food
  • Indian traders hoarded food to sell for a higher price
  • Shortfall of food production in the region

  • Four million people died of hunger
  • The free India focused on food security

Three Basic Elements of Green Revolution

1. Continued expansion of farming areas

Increase in cultivatable farmland

2. Double-Cropping existing farmland

Two monsoons to irrigate fields. One natural and one artificial.

3. Using seeds with improved genetics

Development of new strains of high yield value seeds like wheat and rice.

Positive Results of Green Revolution

Yields from farmland increased by more than 30% between the years of 1947 to 1979.

India went from a starving nation to a major exporter of food on a global scale.

Economic Positives

The increased need in irrigation created a need for dams which used the stored water to create hydroelectric power. This boosted the industrial growth, created more jobs, and increased the standard of living.

Sociological Positives

Creation of jobs in agriculture, factory, and power stations.

Political Positives

India earned admiration in the community of nations, in particular third world nations.

Limitation from the Green Revolution

Not all crops or regions received the concept of high yield value seeds. Only Punjab, Haryana, and the eastern plains of the Ganges River in West Bengal had good results.

Today regions of India like Kalahandi still fall short of the needed food resulting in deaths from starvation.

GMOs Positives and Negatives


  • Cross pollination can cause a creation of herbicide resistant plants
  • Studies show GMOs are dangerous to rats which means it can be dangerous to other livestock
  • Can trigger allergic reactions more easily due to novel proteins in them
  • More herbicide are needed if you want to kill the GMO than for their organic counterpart
  • Safety tests can be as short as 90 days which isn't always long enough to find if a GMO is dangerous


  • Larger yields for more efficient use of land
  • The desired genotype can be instantly created for the current generation
  • More predictable breeding and transfer of genes
  • Less pesticide and fertilizer needed
  • More nutritional with more minerals and vitamins
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