Road to Revolution

What lead the colonists to fight England

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Intro

In this presentation you will learn about the Quartering Act, the Stamp Act, the Boston Massacre, and the Militia/Minutemen.

The Quartering Act

The Quartering Act was an act that enforced colonists to house and feed British soldiers at their own expense. King George had 10,000 troops in the colonies but he found out it was expensive to house and feed all the soldiers. So Parliament passed the Quartering act so England didn't have to pay to house the soldiers. Parliament passed this law in the year of 1765. Before this act was the Proclamation of 1763 and then after the this act came the Sugar and Stamp Acts. Key people in the Quartering Act would be King George and the members of Parliament because they were the ones who made this act. A consequence for England was that they had angry colonists and their soldiers are in close contact with these angry colonists. They got angry because they thought the soldiers were there to control their movements. Also that they were there to restrict their freedom they have in the colonies

The Stamp Act

The Stamp Act was an act that force the colonists to pay a tax to get an official stamp to put on all legal documents that they would mail. Such as the daily newspaper, diplomas, contracts, and even wills. The British had the official stamp put on the documents to show that the tax was paid or else it was classified as and illegal document. The colonists start to boycott British goods after the stamp act happens. The tax money went back to England to help pay off their debt. Key people in this event were King George along with the members of Parliament for they passed the law. Like the Quartering Act they were important people because they were the ones who made the law and taxed the colonists. As a consequence to England the colonists got even more angry at England. The Stamp Act influenced the colonists to start boycotting which would make the situation worse for England.

The Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre was a protest by the colonists. During the protest colonists threw snowballs, sticks, and stones at the British soldiers. In a reaction to colonists throwings things at them the soldiers fired their guns at them. British officer Thomas Preston called in extra troops to help in their situation. The colonists attacked these troops too so Preston ordered them to shoot at the colonists. The Boston Massacre happened on March 5th 1770 and during the massacre five colonists died. Three of them died immediately and their names were Crispus Attucks, Samuel Gray, and James Caldwell. Two colonists died later on from their wounds and their names were Patrick Carr and Samuel Maverick. Important people in this event would be all the people who died in the massacre for they were a reason the colonists should fight. Also officer Thomas Preston for ordering the troops to shoot at the protesting colonists. Along with John Adams for he defended the British soldiers in their trials for manslaughter. Even though people didn't like that John Adams defended the soldiers he thought all people deserved a fair trial even British soldiers. What lead the colonists to protest would be the Quartering, Sugar, and Stamp Acts which came about five years before the Boston Massacre. After the Boston Massacre would come Lexington and Concord which is the start of the Revolutionary war. There were consequences for both England and the colonies after the Boston Massacre. For England the colonies hated England more than ever. Also they gave them a reason to fight, they could fight them the deaths of their fallen colonists. Next the colonists started to think of the British as villains. For the colonists there were more troops in the colonies and they would be enforced more strictly.
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The Militia/Minutemen

The Militia/Minutemen were an organized group of colonists who were trained to protect their colonies from enemies. When necessary the Militia or Minutemen would arm themselves with guns to protect their colony. They would pledge themselves to the colony. The Minutemen were an elite group of colonists from the Militia who were trained to be ready for battle in a minutes' notice. So they had to take their gun everywhere in order to be ready. People called the Militia/Minutemen part-time soldiers or civilian soldiers. About 1/4 of the Militia were Minutemen. Sometimes Minutemen would join up with others in nearby colonies to make a force to stop enemies. Minutemen would be the first in action then the Militia would come into the battle. An important person in this organization would be Captain Parker who was in charge of the minutemen at Lexington when they fought the British soldiers. The Militia/Minutemen were important to the war effort because they were fighting the battles. They showed cooperation by coming together to fight the the British and not backing down to the challenges. This group impacted the British in a huge way for they were fighting them and trying to get out of their control. They would fight them until the continental army formed.

Conclusion

As you can see from this presentation the colonists started to dislike England with the Proclamation of 1763. Which then lead to the Quartering, Sugar, and Stamp Acts and with every act the colonists felt that they were treated unfairly. Also that England were restricting their rights. A simple law such as the Quartering Act led to much more violent events such as the Boston Massacre and even the start of the Revolutionary war.

Works Cited

Dallek, Robert, Jesus Garcia, Donna M. Ogle, and C. Frederick. Risinger.American History: Beginnings through Reconstruction. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2008. Print.




"Flag of the United States." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Sept. 2015. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.



"History.org: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation's Official History and Citizenship Website." A Summary of the 1765 Stamp Act : The Colonial Williamsburg Official History & Citizenship Site. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 2015. Web. 6 Oct. 2015.


Minutemen Funk & Wagnalls, . Encyclopedia Article.

Discovery Education. Web. 13 October 2015. <http://www.discoveryeducation.com/>.




"Minutemen." Ushistory. Independence Hall Association, 2015. Web. 8 Oct. 2015.




"Minutemen." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Sept. 2015. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.



"Parliament Passes the Quartering Act." History. N.p., 2015. Web. 5 Oct. 2015.



"Obama Acclaims Campaign Donors as Modern-day Minutemen."Dailycaller. N.p., 2015. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.



"The Boston Massacre." Ushistory. Independence Hall Association, 2014. Web. 7 Oct. 2015.