Mohandas Gandhi

1869-1948

Nationalism

The beginning of a new era

  • In August of 1947 India gained its independence
  • Britain gave India to the Hindus and the new found Pakistan to the Muslims
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Mohatma Gandhi

  • Born: October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India

  • Died: January 30, 1948, New Delhi, India

  • Was assassinated at the Birla House by a Militant Hindu nationalist in Northern India

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His work

  • He began his work as an Indian immigrant in South Africa in the early 1900s, and in the years following World War I he became the leading figure for India to gain independence from Great Britain.
  • Gandhi began his march with the sea in protest of the British salt act, his boldest act of civil disobedience against British rule in India. Britain's Salt Acts prohibited Indians from collecting or selling salt, a staple in the Indian diet.

His imprisonment

  • After sporadic violence broke out, Gandhi announced the end of the resistance movement, to the dismay of his followers.
  • British authorities arrested Gandhi in March 1922 and tried him
  • he was sentenced to six years in prison but was released in 1924 after undergoing an operation for appendicitis.
  • He refrained from active participation in politics for the next several years, but in 1930 launched a new civil disobedience campaign against the colonial government’s tax on salt, which greatly affected Indian’s poorest citizens.
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Salt March

  • On March 12, 1930, Mahandas Gandhi and a small band of supporters set off on a 241mile march across western India
  • The government placed tariffs on the minerals and forbid Indians from producing it
  • he illegally collected salt from the seaside as a symbolic act of defiance against the British Raj

The end

  • in 1947 the Indian National Congress reluctantly accepted the creation of Pakistan to appease the Muslim League and conclude the independence negotiations
  • On August 15, 1947, the Indian Independence Bill took effect, inaugurating a period of religious turmoil in India and Pakistan that would result in the deaths of hundreds of thousands, including Gandhi, who was assassinated by a Hindu fanatic in January 1948 during a prayer vigil to an area of Muslim-Hindu violence.
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