By: Anderson Kim
The Enlightenment was a period of time when a cultural movement of intellectuals in the 18th century Europe emphasizing reason and individualism. It's purpose was to reform society using reason, to challenge ideas grounded in tradition and faith.
1. One of the major ideas was to abolish serfdom, which meant to stop slavery. That would help with the idea of more freedom provided to each citizen. People shouldn't have the right of controlling another person without their consent.
2. Another major idea of The Enlightenment punishment and justice. Most European states had developed a system of courts to deal with the punishment of crime. Punishments were often cruel. The states police force was weak, so they had to make the punishment really cruel so people were avoiding any crimes.
3. Centralizing the government was another idea, which means that the government has 3 different branches (Judicial, Executive, and Legislative). All of these branches have power over each other, so that one of the branches doesn't gain too much power. This system provides greatest freedom and security for the state.
4. Giving people more freedom was another major idea, meaning that people deserve more freedom to do whatever they want instead of having restrictions. People have the right to choose what they do. The laissez-faire meaning to let people do what they want.