Dorothy Hodgkin


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Dorothy Hodgkin

Dorothy Hodgkin was born on May 12, 1910 in Egypt. She spent her early life traveling the world. When World War I broke out, Hodgkin and her two sisters were sent to live in England. In England, Dorothy Hodgkin entered Somerville College for women at Oxford University. She specialized in chemistry and crystallology. After college, she spent time working as an assistant for a well-respected scientist by the name of J.D.Bernal. When working, Dorothy Hodgkin discovered the structure of protein using an X-ray. She eventually went back to her college and worked as a teacher. As a teacher she was very paternalistic to the students she taught. She encouraged them to work hard and many of the students looked up to her as a role model. When discovering the structure of vitamin B-12 however, she was vey democratic. Dorothy Hodgkin was helped by John White, an American scientist. She made sure before making any decisions to check with White's crew and her own. Dorothy was best known for discovering the structure of insulin. It took she and her crew 35 years to discover the structure of this one hormone. Because of her hard work in discovering the structure of insulin, human insulin is now being manufactured through genetic engineering so diabetics can inject it into their bodies safely. Dorothy Hodgkin was a very motivational and knowledgeable woman. In 1964 Dorothy Hodgkin received the Nobel Piece Prize for Chemistry. On July 29, 1994 Dorothy Hodgkin died as an accomplished scientist.


"Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998.Biography in Context. Web. 8 Dec. 2014.

"Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, 1964 Winner of Nobel Prize in Chemistry." Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, 1964 Winner of Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Web. 11 Dec. 2014.