Pollution of the Ocean

Making the Ocean Cleaner

What Is Pollution?

Pollution is often considered as contamination of air, water, soil, and etc. Most pollution is caused by humans. Pollution is extremely deadly and usually includes harmful substances and chemicals which can harm not just animals but humans as well.

How is Pollution Effecting the Ocean and Us?

Pollution is extremely bad for the ocean and us. The ocean provides water and food for creatures. Creatures live in there and there home is the ocean. If we keep polluting the ocean, we slowly kill animals and contaminate a major resource, water. A turtle may think a plastic bag is a Jellyfish and eat it. Plastic is extremely hazardous and it'll kill the animals. we even eat fish and were not taking care of the ocean. They're slowly dying off but at the rate we're polluting will kill of almost all fish.


One other huge factor is acid rain. Now acid rain is formed by chemicals that are released into the air or air pollution. When acid rain falls down, the soil in the watershed can't neutralize the acid and the acid stays in the body of water. The acid then releases the aluminum from around which is extremely toxic to animals and us. The water becomes polluted with aluminum and a bunch of other toxins. This is deadly to us and animals. Water pollution is one of the most overlooked problems by people. In the end, all types of pollution end up to the water and us.

Major Toxins and Factors of Water Pollution

As I said about acid rain in the last section, oil spills are extremely dangerous. Oil is extremely poisonous to animals and they can cause them to lose warmth and weigh them down. This is especially bad for animals that live in cold climates because their fur or blubber is useless with oil on them.


Plastic trash or objects are also extremely toxic to. As I said in the last one, plastic looks like food to some creatures. Plastic can also carry chemicals like oil and etc. So whenever plastic looks like food to sea creatures, plastic can also store dangerous chemicals which would kill them. So plastic objects are also extremely dangerous.


The last harmful toxin I wanted to show you was called "microcystin". Microcystin is a blue/green algae which is usually caused by human sewage and fertilizers run into lakes and oceans. This will make the growth of algae increase greatly. This growth of algae is also know as "superblooms". Microcystin has caused sea otters to die and appear on shores. The sea otters had bright yellow eyes, yellow gums, and their whole liver was destroyed. This happened in Santa Cruz, California and they were able to find where the algae was infecting them and the source but scientists say if the virus comes back, they might effect creatures on land and even us.

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The picture above shows the algae or "microcystin". This was the source of algae which killed the otters in Santa Cruz , California.
Project Ocean: Can we save our seas?
In this article, it shows how we're effecting the ocean and what we can do to save it.

So What Can We Do To Help?

There are many things that we can do to help keep our ocean clean and safe. One key point that I want to bring up though is that all water eventually goes back to the ocean.


  • If you use fertilizers or pesticides in your yard, try to limit yourself because as I said about super blooms, algae feeds off nutrients so if we were to let fertilizers and etc. into the ocean or bodies of water, superblooms would form killing animals.
  • Try to limit the plastic you use. Plastic is extremely toxic to animals and us. Whenever we trash plastic into the dumps, they dump it into the ocean and harm the animals.
  • Try reducing the electricity/carbon emissions. Carbon Dioxide is causing "Ocean Acidification" Ocean Acidification is when Carbon Dioxide is absorbed by sea water and Carbon Dioxide is lowering pH levels. So the acidity is killing creatures. So cut down on electricity.


So there's so many more things you can do to save the ocean and keep it clean. Protect our source of water and food and the fish's homes!

CONCLUSION

We need to stop polluting and protect our ocean. As said in the video, over fishing and polluting will greatly decrease fish in the sea which is more valuable than gold. At the rate we're going at right now, most of the fish population will be gone by 2050. So protect the ocean and just take a few minutes just to clean up whenever you leave a beach or lake. Take care of their home and keep ourselves healthy.